Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni
Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni

Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni

1990 ŞUBAT Cilt 33 Sayı 1
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Geology of the Kastamonu Region and Geological Constraints for the Evolution of the Paleotethyan Domain
Metin Şengün Halil Keskin Ferit Akçören İbrahim Etem Altun Mustafa Sevin Mehmet Umur Akat Fahrettin Armağan Şükrü Acar
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Abstract: Daday-Devrekani massif consists of metamorphic rocks of the European margin that are progressively sliced with slivers of oceanic crust emplaced prior to Aptian, and with the concurrent Cretaceous flysch. The uppermost slice consists essentially of Paleozoic sediments and Karakaya formation intruded by Early Jurassic granites. These are covered, post-tectonically, by a carbonate-flyschwedge of the back-arc basin, deposited on teh north-facing platform of the Black Sea, in the interval of Late Liassic to Lutetian.The overall solution for the Gondwana-Eurasia convergence frame seems to be constrained with the idea that a thin sliver of continental crust was rifted off the northern Gondwana during the Early Triassic and was progressively accreted to Europe by Early Tertiary.Paleogeographic setting of the Paleotethyan domain with respect to the Pontides seems a very significant point for elucidation of the evolutionary frame. Southward deepening paleomorphology of the Pontides for the Permo-Carboniferous period, restriction of the Karakayaformation (Permo-Triassic) to northern side of the Îzmir-Kars suture in addition to its being adjacent to the suture, suggest presence of anoceanic domain between Anatolids and Pontides for the late Paleozoic and earlier. A carbonate flysch wedge, being restricted to north of the suture and covering, post-tectonic ally, the Karakaya (Akgöl) formation, indicates very clearly that it is related to teh back-arc batin(The Black Sea) and not to the northern strand of Neotethys of Şengör and Yılmaz (1981).The ocean floor between the subduction zone and the edge of the continental crust, must have been retrocharriaged onto the European margin, very likely through the aid of paleo-transform faults. The consumption of the Paleotethys could be realised by a multi-stageand/or progressive recess of the subduction zone. The island arc also retreated accordingly. The old island arc system was up warped due tothe compression of the new system and was covered, post-tectonically, by the sediments of the back-arc basin. The compressive regimealso migrated southwards in accordance with the new island arc system and the elevated flysch provided sediments for the new fore-arc basin. Daday region is probably a good example of a continental margin that shows progressive folding and imbricate slicing of the deformed rocks with flysch sediments deposited concurrently.It may be outlined that the Paleotethyan domain, diving north under Eurasia, was consumed progressively between PermoCarboniferous and Early Tertiary.

  • carbonate-flysch wedge

  • Paleotethyan

  • ophiolite

  • Kastamonu

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  • Istranca Orogeny; Circum Black Sea Cimmerian Orogenic Belts and Massive Sulphide Deposits
    Şener Üşümezsoy
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    Abstract: Istranca Massif consist of deep level granites and high grade gneises (Kırklareli Complex) of Precambrian and Hercynian age; various meta sedimentary rock of platform and pelagic types and meta-volcanic and plutonic rocks of basic affinity (IstrancaMetamorphic Belt) of Triassic-Jurassic age; and shallow level volcno-plutoni complex (Istranca Batholte) of late Cretaceous age.Kırklareli Complex thrusted northeastward over the Istranca Metamorphic Belt which extends in NW-SE direction. Istranca Batholite emplaced in a zone trending direction in the Istranca Metamorphic Belt.Istranca Cimmerian Orogenic Belt extends to the East Thracian-Circum Rhodope Cimmerian belt in the southeast, and to the KüreCimmerian belt in the east. Dobruca, Crimean, Southern Slope Cimmerian Orogenic belt form the northern cast o Black Sea today.Before the opening of the Black Sea basin, Circum Rhodope, Istranca and Küre regions in the south Dobruca, Crimea, SouthernSlope Cimmerian Orogenic belt are involved in a single Cimmerian basin. The Basin was opened as a consequence of the southeast wardmoving of Africa relative to the European platform due to the Atlantic opening. The orogenic belt was developed by the closing of theCimmerian basin during the pre late Jurassic time.Küre, Great Caucasian Southern Slope and Istranca Cimmerian orogenic belts involves massive sulfide deposits which were generated associated with bimodal (basalt-rhyolite) rift volcanism related with the opening of the Cimmerian basin.

  • massive sulphide deposits

  • Cimmerian orogenic belts

  • rhyolite

  • rift volcanism

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  • Lordkipanidze, M. B. , Adamia, A. Sh. ve Asanidze, B. Z. , 1984, Evolution of active margins of the tethys ocean (Caucasian example). Tectonic, 27 th Int. Geol. Cong. 90-104.

  • Papanikolau, D. J. , 1984, The three metamorphic belts of the Hellenides Dixo, J. E. and Robertson, A. H. F. ed. Geological Evolution of the Eastern Mediterranean geol. Soc. London. Spec. Pub. 17, 551- 561.

  • Şengör, A. M. C. , 1984, The Cimmeride Orogenic System and Tectonics of the Mediterranean Cimmerides, evolution of the western termination of Paleotethys. In: Dixon, J. E. and Robertson, A.H.F. (eds.) the Geologicl evolution of the Eastern Mediterranean. Spec. Publ. 14, Geol. Soc. , 77-112.

  • Spassov, C. , 1983, Stratigraphic correlation froms of the Bulgarian part of Geotraverse d Sassi ve Szederkenyi ed. IGCP No. 5 Newsletter 5, 180 186.

  • Stocklin, J. , 1977, Structural correlation of the Alpine ranges between Iran and Central Asia. Mem. Ser. Soc. Geol. France 8, 333-353.

  • Stocklin, J. , 1980, Geology of Nepal and its refional frame, J. geol. Soc. London, 137, 1-34.

  • Tapponier, P. , Mattauer, M. , Pröust, F. ve Casaigneov, C. , 1981, Mesozoic ophiolites and large scale tectonic movements in Afghanistan: Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. , 52, 355-371.

  • Tvalchrelidze, G. A. , 1980, Copper metallogeny of Caucasus. Jankoviac ve Sillitoe (edit) European Copper Deposits, 191-196, Belgrad.

  • Tvalchrelidze, A. G. , 1984, Main features of metallogeny of the Caucasus Jonelidze ve Tvalchrelidze (edit) proceedings of sixth quadrennial I.A.G.O.D. Symposium. 1-7 Stuttgard.

  • Tvalchrelidze, G. A. ve Buadze, V. I. , 1972, Geological conditions of copper-pyrhotite and Pyritepolymetallic Deposits of the Great Cauc asion 24 th. IGC. 172-179.

  • Tvalchrelidze, G. A. ve Buadze, 1976, Nonferrous stratiform deposits connected with the geosynclinal volcanism. LAn example from the Caucasus 25 th. IGS. Abstract, 196-197.

  • Üşümezsoy, Ş. , 1982, Igneous and Metamorphic Geology and Mineralization of Istranca Region, Istanbul, Yerbilimleri, 3, 277-294.

  • Üşümezsoy, Ş. , 1987 a, Kuzeybatı Anadolu yığışımı orojeni: Paleotetis`in batı kenet kuşağı Türkiye Jeol. Kur. Bült. 30, 53-62.

  • Üşümezsoy, Ş. , 1987b, Evolution of the suture belts of the circum Black Sea. In. Melih Tokay Jeoloji Simpozyumu 87, özler, 5-6.

  • Üşümezsoy, Ş. , 1987c, The tectonic setting of the porphyry and massive sulphide deposits of the circum Black Sea. Yerbilimcinin Sesi 15, 20-49.

  • Üşümezsoy, Ş. , 1988a, Tectonic Evolution of the Black Sea Orogene Belt and the History of Opening of the Black Sea Basin. In Mediterranean Basins Conference and Exhibition Nice, France 1988 Abstracts AAPG Bulletin 72, 1028.

  • Üşümezsoy, Ş. , 1988b, Trakya Bloğunun Metamorfik ve Magmatik Evrimi ve Tektonik Konumu. 42. Türkiye Jeoloji Kurultayı Bildiri özleri, 4.

  • Üşümezsoy, Ş. , 1988c, Istranca Metamorfik Kuşağı Rift Volkanitlerinin Petrolojisi: Karadeniz Kimmeriyen Çanağının Açılımı ve Masif Sulfidlerin kökeni 42, Türkiye Jeoloji Kurultayı Bildiri özleri, 20.

  • Üşümezsoy, Ş. , 1988d, Istranca ve Balkanid Kuşağı Porfiri tip Cevherleşmelerinin Kökeni ve Tektonik Konumlan üzerine. Türkiye Jeoloji Kurultayı Bildiri Özleri, 19.

  • Üşümezsoy, Ş. , Çağatay, A. ve öztunah, O. , 1989, The genessis of the Anatolian massi ve sulphide deposits and their gold contents. Gold in Europe 89, Toulouse Terra Abstract European Union of Geosciences.

  • Üşümezsoy, Ş. , Akyol, A. , ve öztunah, Ö. , Istranca batholith and associated porphyry type mineralization: As an example of the multiple and composite batholith and related porphyry type mineralization with in thy e A type subduction related intra-continental extentional belt in Balkanide region. Jour of Geol. (incelemede).

  • Yılmaz, O. , ve Boztuğ, D. , 1985, Kastamonu granitoid belt of Northern Turkey: Geology, 14, 179-183.

  • Zonenshain, L. P. ve Pichon, X. Ce, 1986, Deep basins of the Black Sea and Caspian Sea as remnants of Mesozoic Back-arc basins: Tectonophysics, 123, 181-211.

  • Study of Source Rock Fades and Petroleum Occurrence in Mut-Ermenek-Silifke (Konya-Mersin) Basin, Through Organic Geochemical Methods
    Sadettin Korkmaz Abdullah Gedik
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    Abstract: In the Mut-Ermenek-Silifke basin situated in the central Taurus belt, Palaeozoic and Mesozoic aged units and Tertiarysediments overlying unconformably them crop out.In the basin various organic geochemical features of samples collected from formations with a source rock character have beenstudied. On the basis of these features, petroleum generation potential of the source rocks in the basin have been interpreted

  • petroleum

  • geochemical method

  • central Taurus belt

  • Tertiary

  • Akarsu, 1960: Mut bölgesinin jeolojisi, MTA Dergisi, 54, s. 36-45

  • Ala, M. A., Kinghorn, R.R.F., Rahman M., 1980: Organic geochemistry and source rock characteristics of the Zagros petroleum province, Soutwest Iran, Jour. Pet. Geol., 3, 1, p. 61-89

  • Basu, D.N., Banarje, A., Tamhane, D.M. 1980: Source area and migration trend of oil and gas in Bombay offshore, A.A.P.G. Bull., 64, 2, p. 209-220.

  • Blumenthal, M., 1956: Karaman-Konya havzası güneybatısında Toros kenar silsileleri ve şist-radyolarit formasyonunun stratigrafi meselesi, Maden Tetkik Arama Dergisi No 48, s. 1-36, Ankara.

  • Bostick, N.H., 1979: Microscopic measurement of the level catagenesis of solid organic matter in sedimentary rock to aid exploration for petroleum and to determine former burial temperatures, SEMP, sp. publ., 26, p. 17-43.

  • Demirtaşlı, E., 1976: Toros kuşağının petrol potansiyeli, Türkiye 3. petrol kongresi bildiriler kitabı, s. 55- 61, Ankara.

  • Dow, W.G., 1977: Kerogen studies and geological interpretations, Jour, of Geochem. ExpL, 7, p. 79-99.

  • Dow, W.G., 1978: Petroleum source beds on continental slope and rises, A.A.P.G. Bull., 62, 9 p. 1584- 1606.

  • Durand, B., Espitalie, J., Nicaise, G., 1972: Etude de la matiere organique insoluble des argues de Toarcien du Bassin de Paris, Rev. Ins. Fr. Petrole, 27, 6, p. 865-884.

  • Durand, B., Espitalie, J., 1976: Geochemical studies on the organic matter from the Doula Basin, II. Evolution of kerogen, Geoch. Cosm. Acta, 40, p. 801-808.

  • Espitalie, J., Madec, M., Tissot, B., 1977: Source rock characterization, 9th offshore tecnology conference, p. 439-444.

  • Gedik, A., Birgili, Ş., Yılmaz, H. ve Yoldaş, R., 1979: Mut-Ermenek-Silifke yöresinin jeolojisi ve petrol olanakları, Türkiye Jeol. Kur. Bülteni, C.22, S.l s.7-26, Ankara.

  • Gedik, A. ve Korkmaz, S., 1984: Sinop havzasının jeolojisi ve petrol olanakları, Jeo. Müh. Dergisi, 19, s. 53-79 Ankara

  • Gehman, H.M., 1962: Organic matter in limestone, Geoch. et Cosm. Açta, 26, p. 885-897.

  • Gökten, E., 1976: Silifke yöresinin temel kaya birimleri ve Miyosen stratigrafisi, Türkiye Jeol. Kur. Bülteni, 19, 2, s. 117-126 Ankara.

  • Guillemot, J., 1964: Cours de Geologie du Petrole, Soc. des Ed. Techn., Paris.

  • Hunt, J.M., 1979: Petroleum Geochemistry and Geology, Freeman, 617 s. methodes d`etude physico-chimique de la matiere orgnicfue, Bull. Centre Rech. Pau., SNPA, 10, 1, p. 89-108.

  • Korkmaz, S., 1984: Boyabat (Sinop) kuzeydoğusunun petrol yönünden jeolojik ve jeokimyasal incelemesi, doktora tezi (yayınlanmamış), K.T.Ü., 193 s., Trabzon.

  • Kraus, G.P. ve Parker, K.A., 1979: Geochemical evalution of petroleum source rock in Bonaparte Gulftimor sea region, NW Australia, A.A.P.G. Bull., 63, 11, p. 2021-2041.

  • Laplante, R.E., 1973: Hydrocarbon generation related to carbonzation and facies types in Denver Basin Upper Cretaceous, A.A.P.G., Bull., 57, 4, p. 790- 796

  • Laplante, R.E., 1974: Hydrocarbon generation in Gulf Coast Tertiary sediments, A.A.P.G. Bull., 58, 7, p. 1281-1289

  • Leythaeuser, D., 1974: Erdölgenese in Abhângigkeit von der Arts des organischen materials in Muttergestein, Compendium 74/75, Erdöl und Kohle, Erdgas, Petrochemi, 41-51.

  • Leythaeuser, D., 1976: Petroleum exploration and organic geochemistry, Bull, of the Iranian Pet. Inst., 63, p.1-27.

  • Me iver, R.D., 1967: Compasiton of kerogen-clus to its rola in the origin of petroleum, Procedings of the 7th World Pet. Cong. Mexico, 2, p. 25-36.

  • Momper, J.A., 1978: Oil migration limitations suggestedby geological and geochemical considerations, A.A.P.G. Continung Ed. Course Note, Series: 8

  • Niehoff, W., 1960: Mut 126/1 numaralı harita paftasının revizyon neticeleri hakkında rapor, MTA Derleme rapor no: 3390

  • özgül, N., 1976: Torosların bazı temel jeoloji özellikleri, Türkiye Jeol. Kur. Bülteni, 19, 1; 65 78, Ankara

  • Pelin, S., 1981: Pasinler (Erzurum) havzasında ana kaya özelliklerinin petrol oluşumunun açıklanması, KTÜ Yer Bilimleri Dergisi, Jeoloji, 1, 2, s. 127- 143, Trabzon.

  • Peters, K.E., 1986: Guidelines for evoluating petroleum source rock using programmed pyrolysis A.A.P.G. Bull. 70, 3, p. 318-329

  • Philippi, G.T., 1965: On the depth time and mechanism of petroleum generation, Geoch. Cosmoc. Acta, 29, p. 1021-1049.

  • Powel, T.G., Focolos, A.E., Gunther, P.R., Snowdon, L.R., 1978: Diagenesisof organic matter and fine clay minerales, a companative study, Geochim, Cosmo. Acta, 42, p. 1181-1197.

  • Raynaud, J.F., Robert, P., 1976: Les metodes d`etudes optiques de la matiere organique, Bull. Centre Rech. Rau., SNPA, 10, 1 p. 109-127.

  • Ronov, A.B., 1958: Organic carbon in sedimantary rocks, Geochemistry, 5 p. 496-509.

  • Sezer, S., 1970: The Miocene stratigrphy of Mut region, southern Turkey, doktora tezi, Bırbeck college, London University, 155 s

  • Teichmüller, M. ve Teichmüller, R., 1979: In diagenesis in sediments and sedimentary rocks, Larsen and Chilin., p. 207-246.

  • Thomas, B.M., 1979: Geochemical analysis of hydrocarbon occurrences in northern, Perth Basin, Australia, A.A.P.G. Bull. 63, 7, p. 1092-1107.

  • Tissot, B., Califet-Debyser, Y., Deroo, G., Ouidin, J.L, 1971: Origin and and evolution of hydrocarbons in early Toarcian shales, A.A.P.G. Bull. 55, p. 2177-2193.

  • Tissot, B.f Durand, B., Espitalie, J., Comba, A., 1074: Influence of nature and diagenesis of organic matter in formation of petroleum, A.A.P.G. Bull. 58, p. 499-506.

  • Tissot, B., Welte, D.H., 1978: Petroleum Formation and Occurrence, Springer Verlag, Berlin, 538 s.

  • Urban, J.B., 1976: Palynology, thermal maturation by vitrinite reflactance and visual color estimation and kerogen description of source rocks. Core Lab. Inc. sp. publ.

  • Ünalan, G., 1982: Kalecik-Tüney-Sulakyurt (Ankara) arasındaki bölgenin petrol olanaklarının araştırılması, Doçentlik tezi, l.Ü.F.F. 88 s.,

  • Ünalan, G., ve Harput, B., 1983: Çankırı havzasının batı kenarına ilişkin Üst Kretase-Alt Tersiyer yaşlı çökellerde kaynak kaya incelemeleri, Türkiye Jeol. Kur. Bülteni, 26, 2, s. 177-186, Ankara.

  • Vanderbroucke, M, Albrecht, P., Durand, B., 1976: Geochemical studies on the organic matter from the Doula Basin III. Comparison with the early Toar sian shales, Geochim. Cosm. Acta, 40, p. 1241 1249.

  • Welte, D.H., 1965: Relation between petroleum and source rock, A.A.P.G. Bull., 63, 2, p. 239-245.

  • Yalçın, N., 1982: Jeokimya yöntemleriyle Adana havzası petrol potansiyelinin araştırılması, doçentlik tezi (yayınlanmamış) istanbul Üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi, İstanbul).

  • Tectonic features of the Sultandağları Massif between Engili (Akşehir) and Bağkonak Villages
    Yaşar Eren
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  • alluvial deposit

  • ophiolite

  • dolerite

  • alluvium

  • Abdüsselamoğlu, Ş. , 1958, Sultandağı`nın 1/100 000 ölçekli jeolojik leveleri hakkında rapor, M.T.A. Rapor no: 2669, (yayınlanmamış).

  • Ayhan, A. , Karadağ, M. , 1985, Şarkikarağaç (İsparta) güneyinde bulunan boksitli ve demirli boksit yataklarının jeolojisi ve oluşumu. Türkiye Jeol. Kur. Bült. , 28, 2, 137-146.

  • Blumenthal, M. , 1947, Seydişehir-B ey şehir hinterlandındaki Toros dağlarının jeolojisi, M.T.A. yayınları Seri D, no: 2, 242 s.

  • Brennich, G. , 1954, 1/100 000 ölçekli Genel jeolojik harita izahnamesi. Akşehir (90/1-2-3-4) ve Ilgın (91/1 ve 91/3) paftaları, M.T.A. Derleme Rapor no: 2514, (yayanlanmamış).

  • Dean, W.T. and Monod, O. , 1970, The Lower Paleozoic stratigraphy and faunas of the Taurus Mountains near Beyşehir (Turkey), Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Geol. , 19/8, 411-426.

  • Demirkol, C. , 1977, Yalvaç-Akşehir dolayının jeolojisi, Doçentlik Tezi, K.S.Ü. Yerb. Böl. , Konya, 114 s. (yayınlanmamış).

  • Demirkol, C. , 1981, Sultandağ kuzeybatısının jeolojisi ve Beyşehir-Hoyran Napı ile ilişkileri, Tübitak temel bilimler araştırma grubu, proje no: TBAG- 382, 56 s. (yayınlanmamış)

  • Demirkol, C. , 1982, Yalvaç-Akşehir dolayının stratigrafisi ve Batı Toroslarla deneştirimi, T. M. M. O. B. Jeoloji Mühendisliği Derg. , 14, 3-14.

  • Demirkol, C. , 1984, Geology and tectonics of the region of Çay (Afyon), Geology of the Taurus belt. International Symposium, M.T.A. Publ. , Ankara, 69-76.

  • Demirkol, C. , 1985 Sultandağ kuzeybatısındaki allokton birimler ve jeoloji evrimi, T. M. M. O. B. Jeoloji Mühendisliği Derg. 22, 3-10.

  • Demirkol, C. , Sipahi, H. , Çiçek, S. , 1977, Sultandağınm stratigrafisi ve jeoloji evrimi, M.T.A. Rapor no: 6305 (yayınlanmamış)

  • Dumont, J. F. , 1976, İsparta kıvrımı ve Antalya naplannın orijini; Toroslar`ın Üst Kretase tektojenezi ile oluşmuş yapısal düzeninin büyük bir dekroşman, trans torik arızayla ikiye ayrılması varsayımı, M.T.A. Ens. Dergisi, 86, 56-67.

  • Eren, Y. , 1987, Sultandağları Masifinin stratigrafisi ve mesoskopik tektoniği. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Selçuk Oniv. , 80 s. (yayınlanmamış).

  • Juteai, T. , 1975, Les ophiolites des nappes d`Antalya (Taurides accidentales, Turquie), Sciences de la Terre, Memoire, no: 32, 692 s.

  • Ketin, î. , 1966, Tectonic units of Anatolia (Asia Minor), M.T.A. Bull. , 66, 23-25

  • Koçyiğit, A. , 1981, Hoyran gölü yöresinin (Afyon-Isparta) stratigrafik ve tektonik özellikleri, A.Ü.F.F. Genel Jeoloji Kurs. , Doçentlik Tezi, 172 s. (yayınlanmamış).

  • özgül, N. , 1976, Toroslar`ın bazı temel jeolojik özellikleri, Türkiye Jeol. Kur. Bült. , 19, 65-78.

  • özgül, N. , 1984, Alanya bölgesinin jeolojisi, Türkiye Jeol. Kur. , Ketin Simpozyumu, 97-120, Ankara.

  • Ramsay, J. G. , 1967, Folding and Franturing of Rocks, Me. Graw-Hill Book Co. , New York, 568 s.

  • Selly, R.C. , 1976, An Introduction to Sedimentology, Ac ad. Press. London, 408 s.

  • Turner, F. J. , and Weiss, L. E. , 1963, Structural Analysis of metamorphic Tectonites, Me. Graw-Hill Book Co. , New York, 545 s.

  • The Features of Gürlevik Limestones and a New Suggested Name as Tecer Formation
    Nurdan İnan Turan Selim İnan
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    Abstract: This study is aimed to provide some new information on the stratigraphy, paleontology and structural features ofGürlevik limestone (Arpat, 1964) locating in the area to the southeast of Sivas. In this area, the carbonates era rich in benthic foraminifers of Thanetian such as: Daviesina danteli Smout, Rotalİa trochidlformis Lamarck, Mississippina blnkhorst! Reuss,Pseudolacazİna oeztemuerİ (Sirel). They are thought to be deposited in the shallow-low energy marine environment. It has been determined that Gürlevik limestone shows the lateral transition to Tecer formation (inan ve înan, 1987) according to their paleontogic,stratigraphic and structural charecters. Based on these determinations, it is concluded that both these units should be named as Tecer formation. 

  • Gürlevik limestone

  • Tecer formation

  • oil

  • sedimentology

  • Arpat. E., 1964, Gürlevik Dağı bölgesinin genel jeolojisi ve petrol olanakları: 1/25 000 ölçekli 139-dı ve l39-d4 paftaları: M.T.A. Rap. no. 4180, Ankara (Yayınlanmamış)

  • Artan, Ü. ve Sestini, G., 1971, Sivas-Zara-Beypman bölgesinin jeolojisi: M.T.A. Enst. Derg. 76, 80-97, Ankara

  • Baykal, F. ve Erentöz, C, 1966, Türkiye Jeoloji haritası, Sivas paftası izahnamesi: M.T.A. Yayını, 116 syf., Ankara

  • Gökçen, S.L., 1981, Zara-Hafik güneyindeki Paleojen istifinin Sedimantolojisi ve Paleocoğrafik evrimi: Hacettepe Üniv. Yerbilimleri Enst. Bült. Yerbilimleri, 8,1-21, Ankara

  • Gökçen, S.L., 1985, Oligocene deposits of the Zara-Hafik region (Sivas, Central Turkey): evolution from storm-influenced shelf to evaporitic basin: Geologische Rundschau 74/1, 139-153.

  • İlker, S. ve özyeğin, G., 1971, Sivas havzası hakkında jeolojik rapor: T.P.A.O. deri. rap. no. 537, Ankara (Yayınlanmamış)

  • inan, S. ve İnan, N., 1987, Tecer kireçtaşı formasyonunun stratigrafik tanımlanması: Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi, Müh. Fak. Derg. Seri A. Yerbilimleri, 4/1, 12-22, Sivas

  • İnan, S., 1988, Tecer kireçtaşı formasyonunun yapısı hakkında bir yorum: Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Müh. Fak. Derg. Seri A, Yerbilimleri, 5/1, 49-56, Sivas

  • Kurtman, F., 1973, Sivas-Hafik-Zara ve İmranlı bölgesinin jeolojik ve tektonik yapısı: M.T.A. Derg., 80, 132, Ankara

  • Sirel, E., 1981, Bolkarina new genus (foraminiferida) and some associated species from the Thanetian limestone (Central Turkey): Eglogae Geol. Helv., 7a4/ 1, 75-95, Basel

  • Yalçınlar, I., 1954, Sivas 61/1, 61/2, 61/4 paftalarına ait jeolojik rapor: M.T.A. Rap. No. 2577, Ankara (Yayınlanmamış)

  • Cretaceous Biostratigraphy of the Orhaniye (NW Ankara) Region, Based on Nannoplankton
    Enis Kemal Sağular Hatice Vedia Toker
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    Abstract: In this investigation, biostratigraphica stud has been done in the filysh formation which is cropped out between Orhouye-Memlik villages (NW Ankara) based on Nannoplankton. In this studied area, two stratigraphic sections were measured and seventyumples were collected lithologically by sandstone, sandy siltstone, siltstone, claystone and marl. In the samples, sixty-five Nannoplankton species have been determined and Lithraphidites quadratus Zone has been distinguished. This zone is shown, the Uppermost Middle Maastrichtian and Upper Maastrichtian age. 

  • Nannoplankton

  • biostratigraphic

  • siltstone

  • Orhaniye

  • Akyürek, B. Bilgincr, E. , Çatal, E. , Dağer, Z. , Soysal, Y. ve Sunu, o. , 1980, Eldivan-Şabanözü (Çankırı) Hasayaz-Çandır (Ankara) dolayının jeolojisi, Maden Tetkik Arama. , Rap. , 6741, 1-85.

  • Akyürek, B. , 1981, Ankara Melanjı`nın kuzey bölümünün temel jeolojik özellikleri. İç Anadolu Jeo. Simp. , 41-45.

  • Akyürek, B. , Bilginer, E. , Akbaş, B. , Hepşen, N. , Pehlivan, Ş. , Çatal, E. , Dağer, Z. , Soysal, Y. , Sunu, O. , Yıldırım, H. ve Hakyemez, Y. ,

  • 1984, Ankara-Elmadağ-Kalccik dolayının jeolojisi. JMO Der. , 20, 31-46.

  • Arkhangelsky, A. D. , 1912, Verkhenemelovya otlozhcniya vostoka Evropeiskoi Rossii (Upper Cretaceous deposits of cast European Russia): Materialcn zur Geologic Russlads, 25, 631 p. , 10 pls

  • Batman, B. ve Boztuğ.D. , 1987, Gökdere vadisinde (Orhaniye/KB Ankara) yer aln sillerin yapısal, petrografik ve jeokimyasal incelemesi. Melih Tokay Simp. ` 87, 81-83.

  • Bignot, G. ve Lezaud, L. , 1964, Contribution a I`elude des Pilhonella de la creie parisienne. Rev. Micropaleontologie, 7(2), 289-308.

  • Black, M. ve Bames, B. , 1959, The structure of coccoliths from the English Chalk. Geol. Mag. , 96: 321-328.

  • Bramlette, M. N. ve Martini, E. , 1964, The great change in calcareous nannoplankton fossils between the Maestrichtian and Danian. Micropaleonlology, 10 (3): 291-322.

  • Bramlette, M. N. ve Riedel, W. R. , 1954, Stratigraphic value of discoaster and some other microfossils related to recent coccolithophores. J. Paleont. 28: 235-403.

  • Bramlette, M. N. ve Sullivan, F. R. , 1961, Coccolithophorids and related nannoplankton of the early Tertiary in California. Micropaleontology, 7(2): 129-188.

  • Bronniman, P. , 1955, Microfossils inccrtae sedis from the upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous of Cuba. Micropaleontology 1: 28-51.

  • Bukry, D. , 1969, Upper Cretaceous coccoliths from Texas and Europe Univ. Kansas Paleontol. Contrib. , 51 (2): 1-79.

  • Bukry, D. , 1973b, Coccolith stratigraphy, eastern equatorial Pasific. DSDP 16: 653-711.

  • Bukry, D. , 1974, Coccolith stratigraphy. DSDP 17 (4): 1048-1069.

  • Cepek, P. ve Hay, W. W. , 1969a, Zonation of the upper Cretaceous using calcareous nannoplankton. 32. LIntem. Geol. Congr. Proc. Paleobol. Sect. , 334- 339.

  • Çapan, U. Z. ve Buket, E. , 1975, Aktcpe-Gökdcrc bölgesinin jeolojisi ve ofiyolitli melanj. Türkiye Jcol. Kurumu Bült. , 18 (1), 11-16.

  • Deflandre, G. , 1959, Sur les nannofossiles calcaires et leur syslcmaliquc. Rev. Micropaleontology, 2, 127-152.

  • Deflandre, G. , 1963, Sur les nannofossiles calcaires et leur systimatique. Rev. Micropaleontol. , 2, 127- 158.

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  • On the Presence of the Isolated Left P4 of the Protictitherium Intermedium
    Feral Arslan
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    Abstract: 1>ıe subject of this research ıs to study the isolated left P4 of Proticlitherium intermedium found within the membre ofDutludere beU>ngmg lo the formation of Bayraktepe (Çanakkale).I*he Protictitherium intermedium is recorded from the coarse grained sandstone, reddish in colour, locally presenting pebbles andwith a thickness of one meter On the other hand, the Bunolistnodon sp., Listnodon splendens, Dorcatherium sp. are also observed within the same level.l"hc age of this specimen is probably the late Astarasian, according to the continental mammifercus stages.

  • sandstone

  • late Astarasian

  • Çanakkale

  • Atalay, Z., 1981, Çankırı (Ankara) orta Miyoseninde Anchitherium aurelianense Cuvier bulunması hakkında: Türkiye Jeol. Kur. Eğit., 24, 75- 77.

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  • Schmidt-Kittler, N., 1975, Obermiozane und untcrpliozâne Raubtiere der Türkei: Geol. Jb., B 15, 125- 129.

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  • Tekkaya, I., 1974a, Çanakkale Güneydoğusundaki Baraktepe omurgalı faunası hakkında ön bildiri: Maden Tetkik Arama Enst., 81, 191-194.

  • Thcnius, E., 1969, Phylogenic der Mammalia Stammesgeschichte der Sâgetiere (einschlieBlich der Hominiden): 722.

  • Ünay, E., 1976, Çanakkale Bölgesinde bulunan Steneofiber Jaegeri KAUP (Rodentia, Mammalia) kalıntıları: Maden Tetkik Arama Enst., 86, 93-98.

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  • A Reinterpretation of the Geology of the Atticocycladic Massif (Greece)
    Vaios Avdis
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    Abstract: The topography of the Atticocycladic massif has previously been assumed to be primarily the result of erosion. However detailed field work has shown that the topography is tectonically controlled and is the reuslt of small dispslip displacements on twosets of high angle faults.In order to account for the juxtaposition of the various rock types in the field, previous workers have invoked the existence ofnappe structures and major unconformities. In this paper the existence of such structures is questioned and it is suggested that these juxtapositions can be accounted for by relatively small movements on high-angle faults. The recognitin of these important fault sets considerable simplifies the structure of the Atticocycladic massif.These faults are widespread and it is thought that a considerable amount of vertical movement is associated with tehm. These important faults are not immediately apparent on the areal photographs because movement on the two sets inhitbits the formation of longlinear fault traces. 

  • nappe

  • erosion

  • fault

  • Greece

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