Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni
Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni

Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni

1979 AĞUSTOS Cilt 22 Sayı 2
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Ordovician-Stturian Boundary in The Bosphorus Area, Turkey
Cazibe Sayar
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Abstract: The Ordovician around the Bosphorus which occupied a large area is composed mainly coarse clasticsediments named Arkose Series no fossil zones have beet found in these series. Near Çengelköy, in a chamositic bedintercolated with a laminated shales, the Middle Ordovician Conulariid Zone has been found (Arıç, 1955; Sayar (Arıç),1970); above these beds ConoeMtina sp. an upper Ordovician CMtinozoan has been identified (Taugourdeau-Abdtisselâmoğlu, 1962). The graywackes which succeeded comformably the laminated shales are probably of Ldandoverian age.About 40 km south-east of Çengelköy the graywackes overlie the Arkose Series and massive quartzite containLower Llandoverian (Rhuddanian) brachiopods in the Eopleetodotonta dupIicata-Cryptothyrella (Hindeîîa) Zonewhere they are associated with the other brachiopods and corals mainly Halysitids. The lower part of the graywackeshave some brachiopods (Skeuidioides aff. asteroidea) associated Diplograptidae (Climacograptus aff. normalis). TheBarchiopod-Graptolitid Zone and its assemblages which have been found the first time in the shelly facies of the LowerPaleozoic Series of Istanbul might be the Uppermost Ordovician-Barly Llandoverian (Kliuddaman At) in age, becausethe typical Ashgillian faunas are not known yet in the Bosphorus area.

  • brachiopod

  • Arkose Series

  • Ordovician

  • The Bosphorus

  • Abdüsselamoglu, §., 1963, İstanbul boğazı doğusunda mostra veren Paleozoik arazide stratigrafik ve paleontolojik yeni müsaadeler: Maden Tetkik Arama Enst. Dergisi Ankara, s. 60, s. 1-6.

  • Ardos, M., 1968, Les glacis D`Ovacık: Review Geogr. înst. Univ. d`İstanbul, No. 11, İstanbul.

  • Arıç (Sayar), C, 1955, İstanbul Paleozoik arazisinde bulunan oolitli ve fosilli demir madeni, t.T.Ü. Derg. 11, 3-4, 67, 68, L. T, İstanbul.

  • Baykal, F. ve Kaya, O., 1965, İstanbul Silürieni hakkında: Maden Tetkik Arama Derg. Ankara, S. 64, s. 1-7.

  • Cocks, L.R.M. ve Rickards, R.B., 1969, Five bore holes in Chropshire and the relationship of the shelly and graptolitic facies in the Lower Silurian: Q. JI. Geol. Soc. London, 124, s. 213-238, London.

  • Haas, W., 1968, Das Alt-Palâozoikum von Bithynien (Nord-West Turkei): N. Jb. Geol. Paleont. Abh. 131, 2, s. 178-2142, Stuttgart.

  • Isaacson, P. ve diğerleri 1976, Implications of a Llandovery (Early) Silurian) brachiopod fauna from Salta Province, Argentina: Jour. Paleontology, 50, s. 1103-1112.

  • Lesperance, p. J., 1974, The Hirnantian fauna of the Perce areai (Quebec) and the Ordovician-Silurian boundary: Am. Jour. Sci., 174, 1, s. 10-30.

  • Lespeanee, P.J. ve Sheehan, P.M., 1976, Brachiopods from the Hir» nantian stage (Ordovician-Silurian) at Perce, Quebec: Paleontology, v. 19, 4, s. 719-731, London.

  • Paeckemann, W., 1938, Neue Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Geologie Palöontologie und Petrographie der Umgegend von Konstantinopel: Abh. d. Preus. Geol. Lands. N.F. 186, Berlin.

  • Sayar, C, 1960, Kartal-Pendik civarının Siitirien-Devonien Brachiopodlari ve bölgenin stratigrafisi: Doçentlik tezi, Î.T.Ü. s. 1-119, 1-12 Lev. (Yayınlanmadı) (The study of Silurian and Devonien Brachiopods from the Kartal-Pendik area, İstanbul, Turkey, DIC Thesis, Imperial College, Univ. London, unpublished)

  • Sayar, C, 1964, Ordovician Conulariids from the Bosphorus Area, Turkey: Geol. Mag. 101, s. 193-197, pi. IX. London

  • Sayar, C, 1970, Boğaziçi arazinsinde Ordovisien Conularialari: Türkiye Jeol. Kur. Bült. XII, 1-2, s. 140-156, Lev. 1-XIV, Ankara

  • Sayar, C, 1975, Kocaeli Silürieninde Landoverien Brachiopodlari: T.B.T.A.K. V. Bil. Kongr. s. 135-160, Lev. 1-VII, Ankara

  • T&ugourdeau, P. ve Abdüsselamoglu, §., 1962, Presence de chitinozoaires dans le Siluro-DeVonien turc des environs d`îstanbul* C. R. Somm. Seanc. Soc. G<§ol. France, 8, s. 238-239.

  • Willams, A., 1951, The Llandovery brachiopods from Wales lyith special reference to the Llandovery district: Quart, our. JGeol. Soc. 57. Pt. 1. No. 25, s. 52-85, PI. III-VII, London.

  • Yalçınlar, İ., 1956, İstanbul`da bulunan graptolitli Siltir şistleri hakkında: İst. Üniv. Cogr. Enst. Derg. 4, s. 157-160, pi. I-II, Istanbul .

  • Yalçınlar, 1., 1964, Les couches du PalGozoique infericur dans la Turquie meYidionale: Inst. Ge

  • Ziegler, A.M. ve diğerleri, 1968, The Llandovery transgression of the Welsh Borderland: Paleontology, 11, Pt. 5, s. 736-782, London.

  • The Occurence of The Lover Triassic of the Hacılar (N of Çubuk-Ankara)
    Mustafa Behçet Akyürek Erdal Bilginer Zeki Dağer Orhan Sunu
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    Abstract: This study concernes the recent discovery of marin sediments of lower Triassic age in Hacılar region (NÇubuk-Ankara) emphasizing its stratigraphy and foraminiferal fauna content.The lower Triassic sequence of the Hacılar region, which is called metadetritic complex, is composed of sandstone,conglomerate, siltstone, diabase, spilite and recrystallized limestone. This complex contains also limestone blocks of Permian age and some thin layered, fossiliferons limestone of lower Triassic age. According to the characteristic foraminifera found in this layered limestone, the age of lower Triassic "Scythian" has been given.

  • foraminifera

  • lower Triassic

  • conglomerate

  • Scythian

  • limestone

  • Ankara

  • Baud, A., Bronnimann, P., Zaninetti, L., 1974 Surla presence de Meandrospira pusilla (Ho) (Foraminifere), dans le Trias inf<§- rieur de Kuh-e Ali Bashi, Julfa, NW Iran: Palont. Z. Stuttgart, 48, 3/4, 205-213.

  • Brönnimann, P., Zaninetti, L., Bozargnia, F., 1972 Triassic (Skythian) smaller foraminifera from the Elika formation of the central Alborz, northern Iran, and the Siusi formation of the Dolamites, northern Italy. Mitt. Ges. Geol. Bergbaustud, Innsbruck, 21. Bd, 861-884:

  • Bronnimann, P., Cadet, J.P., Zaninetti, L., 1973, Sur la presence d`Involutina sinuosa pragsoides (Oberhauser) (Foraminifere) dans l`Anisien superieur probable de Bosnie-Herzegovine meridional© (Yougoslavie): Riv, Ital. Paleont, Milano, 79, 3, 301- 336.

  • Bronnimann, P., Zaninetti, L., Moshtaghian, A., Huber, H., 1973, Foraminifera form the Sorkh shale formation of Tabas area, east central Iran: Riv. Ital. Paleont. Milano, 79, 1, 1-32.

  • Bronnimann, P., Zaninetti, K, Moshtaghian, A., Huber, H., 1974, Foraminifera and and microfacies of the Triassic Espahk formation, Tabas area, east central Iran: Riv. Ital. Paleont. Milano, 80, 1, 1-48

  • Bronnimann, P., Whittaker, J.E., Zaninetti, L., 1975, Triassic foraminiferal biostratigraphy of the Kyaukme - Longtawkno area, Northern Shan States, Burma: Riv. Ital. Paleont. Milano, 81, 1, 1-30.

  • Dağer, Z., Zaninetti, L,, 1976, Sur quel»ues ForaminiftSres du Trias inferieur du Taurus oriental, Turquie: C.R. des Stances, SPHN Geneve, NS, Geneve, 10, 2-3, 133-137.

  • Erol, O., 1953, Çankırı-Sungnrlu.Tuney arasındaki kırılma havzasının ve Şabanözü civarının jeoLopi hakkında rapor: Maden Tetkik ve Arama Enstitüsü, Ankara, Rap. no. 2026, (Yayınlanmamış).

  • Erol, O., 1954, Ankaar ve civarının jeolojisi hakkında rapor: Maden Tetkik ve Arama Enstitüsü, Ankaar, Rap. no. 2491, (Yayınlanmamış).

  • Erol, O., 1956, Ankara güneydoğusundaki Elmadığı ve çevresinin jeolojisi ve jeomorfolojisi üzerinde bir araştırma: Maden Tetkik ve Arama Enstitüsü yayınları. Seri D, no. 9.

  • Erol, O., 1968, Ankara çevresinde Paleozoyik arazisinin bölümleri ve Paleozoyik Mesozoyik sınırı hakkında: Türkiye Jeoloji Kurumu bülteni, Ankara, Cilt. 11, sayı. 1-2

  • HO, Y., 1995, Triassic foraminifera from the Chialingkiang limestone of South Szechuand: Acta Palaeont. Sinica, Pekin, 7/5, 387-418.

  • Ketin, 1, 1962, 1/500.000 ölçekli Türkiye jeoloji haritası: Maden Tetkik ve Arama Enstitüsü yayınları, Ankara.

  • Kochansky-Devide, V., Pantıc, S., 1965, Meandrospira in den unteren und mittleren Trias sovie einige begleitende Fossilien in den Dinariden: Geol. Vjesnik. Zagreb, 19.

  • Keskin, B., 1975, Ankara bölgesi Kızılcahamam-Mürtet-Melihzah alanları jeolojisi: Maden Tetkik ve Arama Enstitüsü, Ankara, Rapor No. 30918.

  • Mısık, M., 1971, Aeolisaccus tintinniformis, n. sp., from the Triassic of the West Carpathian Kts: Geol. Carpathica, Bratislava. 22, 1, 169172

  • Premoli Silva, I., 1964 Citaella iulia, n. gen., n. sp., nel Trias inferiore della Carnia: Riv. ital. Paleont. Strat. Milan, 70, 4, 657-670

  • Schimidt, G.C., 1960, Ar/Mem/365_366-367 sahalarının nihai terk Raporu :Pet. îş. en. MdG. Ankara, (Yayınlanmamış).

  • Zaninetti, K.L., 1968, Les foraminiferes du Trias de la Region do I`Almtal (Haute-Autrıche): Jb. Geol. B. Vien, 14, 1-155.

  • Zaninetti, L., 1976, Les Foraminiferes du Trias: Riv. ital. Paleont. Milano, 82, 1, 1-258.

  • Zanninetti, L., Bronnimann, P.4 1974, Etude micropaleontologique compared des Involutinidae (Foraminiferes) des formations triasiques d`Elika, d`Espahk et de Nayband, Iran: Eclogae geol. Helv. Bale, 67/2.

  • Zaninetti, L., Bronnimann, P., 1975, Triassic Foraminifera from Pakistan: Riv. ital. Paleont. Milano, 81, 3, 257-280.

  • Zaninetti, L., Dağer, Z.M 1978, Biostratigraphie intâgre et paleoe

  • Zaninetti, L.f Bronnimann, P., Bozorgnia, F., Huber, H., 1972, Etüd Lithologique et mieropale`ontologi»ue de la formation d`Elika dans la ccupe d`Aruh, Alborz central, Iran septentrional: Arch. Sc. Geneve. 25, 2, 215.2(49.

  • The Rock Units of The Simav Region of Menderes Massif and The Situation of Metabazic and Metaultramafic Rocks
    Necati Akdeniz Neşat Konak
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    Abstract: Menderes Massive covers an extensive area in soutwestern Anatolia forming a dome-like structure. It consists of a core characterized by augen-gneiss, granite-geneiss and migmatites and an envoloping very low-to low gradeschist sequence. The present study which hes been carried out in the northern part of the massif, near Simav, suggestspelitic sediments and shales for original rocks of the core metamorphised in almandme-amphibolite facies weth migmatization in deepar sections. The core is unconformably overlain by cover-schists at the base contain fragments ofkyanite, staurolite, turmaline and higher grade metamorphic rock. Basic and ultramafic rocks, which are closely relatedto the cover-schists of Paleozoic age reveal a similar kind of metamorphism and folding with these cover-schists. Themetamorpism of the green schists is of Hercynian age. Lower Mesozoic elastics containing schist pebbles, overlie thecover-schists with an angular uncorformity. 

  • Menderes Massive

  • gneiss

  • green schists facies

  • shale

  • Simav

  • Abdüsselamoğlu, M.g., 1965, Muğla-Yatağan çevresinde görülen jeoloji formasyonların korelasyonu hakkında rapor: M.T.A Rap., No. 3497, yayınlanmamış.

  • Akartuna, M., 1962, Îzmir-Torbah-Değirmendere-Seferhisar-Urla bölgesinin jeolojik etüdü: Î.Ü.F.F. Monog., 18.

  • Akartuna, M., 1965, Aydm-nazilli hattı kuzeyindeki versanların jeolojik etüdü: M.T.A. Dergisi, 65, 1-10

  • Akat, U., Öztürk, Z., Öztürk, E., ve Çağlayan, A., 1975 Menderes Masifi güneyi - SW Toros kuşağı ilişkisi (ön rapor): M.T.A. Rap. No. 5488, yayınlanmamış,

  • Akdeniz, N., ve Konak, N., 1979, Simav-Emet-Dursunbey-Demirci yörelerinin jeolojisi: M.T.A. Rap., hazırlanmakta.

  • Akkök, R.i, 1977, Ultramafic inclusions in the Menderes Masif near Alaşehir, Manisa: Sixth Colloqium on Geologie of the Aegean Region, Izmir, yayınlanmamış.

  • Ayan, M., 1973, Gördes migmatitleri: M.T.A. Dergisi, 65, 132-155.

  • Başarır, E., 1970, Bafa Gölü doğusunda kalan Menderes Masifi güney kanadının jeoloji ve petrolojisi: E.Ü.P.F. Jeoloji Kürsüsü ilmi rapor servisi, No. 102.

  • Bingöl, E., 1974, 1: 2.500.000 ölçekli, Türkiye metamorfizma haritası ve bazı metamorfik kuşakların jeotektonik evrimi üzerine tartıgmaları: M.T.A. Dergisi, 83, 178-184.

  • Bingöl, E., 1975, Batı Anadolunun jeotektonik evrimi: M.T.A. Dergisi, 86, 14-34

  • Boray, A., Akad, U., Akdeniz, N., Akçören, Z., Çağlayan, A., Güney, E., Korkmazen, B., Öztürk, E.M., ve Sav, H., 1973 Menderes masifinin güney kenarı boyunca bazı önemli sorunlar ve bunların muhtemel çözümleri: 50. Yıl Yerbilimleri Kongresi, M.T.A. yayını, 11-20

  • Brinkmann, R., 1966, Geotektonische Gliederung von West Anatolien: M.T.A. Dergisi, 66, 61.74.

  • Brinkmann, R., 1971, Kuzeybatı Anadoludaki Gene Paleozoik ve Mesozoik: M.T.A. Dergisi, 76, 61-74.

  • Dora, O.Ö., 1969, Karakoca granit masifinde petrolojik ev metalojenik etüdleri: M.T.A. Dergisi`` 73, 10-26.

  • Dora, O.Ö., 1972, Ortoklas mikrolin transformation in migmatiten des Egrigöz Massivs: Türkiye Jeol. Kur. Bült., 15/2, 131-152

  • Dora, O.Ö., 1975, Menderes Masifinde alkali feldispatların yapısal durumları ve bunların petrojenetik yorumlarla kullanılması: Türkiye Jeol. Kur. Bült., 18/2, 111.126.

  • Durand, G.L., 1962, Dikmen (Muğla) da bulunan pechblend zuhurunun yaşının ölçülmesi: M.T.A. Dergisi, 58, 144-145.

  • Flügel, N., ve Metz. K.4 1954, Bodrum-Muğla yöresinde yapılan jeolojik harita hakkında rapor: M.T.A. Rap., No. 2799, yayınlanmamış.

  • Graciansky, P. de., 1965, Menderes Masifi güney kıyısı boyunca `görülen metamorfizma hakkında açıklamalar; M.T.A. Dergisi, 64, 9-23.

  • îzdar, K.E., 1971, Introduction to geology and metamorphism of Menderes Massif of western Turkey; Campbell, A.S., ed., Geology and history of Turkey, de: Petroleum Expl. Soc. of Lib, Tripoli, 495-500.

  • îzdar, K.E., 1975, Batı Anadolunun jeotektonik gelişimi: Ege Üniv. Müh. Bil. Fak. Yayını, 58, 59 s.

  • Kaaden, G., ve Metz, K., 1954, Datça-Muğla-Dalaman çayı arasında bölgenin jeolojisi: Türkiye jeol. Kur. Bült. 5/1-2, 71-170.

  • Mehnert, K.R., 1968, Migmatites and the origin of granitic rocks: Elsevier Publ., Amsterdam, 214 s.

  • Onay, T.S., 1949, Über die Schmirgelgesteine SW-Anatoliens: Schweiz. Min. Petr. Mitt, 29/2, 357-492.

  • öztomalı, ö., 1973, Uludağ ve Eğrigöz Masiflerinin petrolojisi ve Jeokronolojisi: Î.Ü.F.F., Monog, Tabii İlimler, 23, 115 s.

  • Schuiling, R.D., 1958, Menderes Masifine ait bir gözlü gnays üzerinde zirkon etüdü: M.T.A. Dergisi, 51, 38-42.

  • Schuiling, R.D., 1962, Türkiye`nin güneybatısındaki Menderes migmatitik kompleksinin petrolojisi, yaşı ve yapısı hakkında: MTA Dergisi, 58, 71-85.

  • Tokay, M., ve Erentöz, C, 1959, Türkiye`de muhtemel uranyum ve toryum bölgeleri: M.T.A. Dergisi, 52, 76-93.

  • Winkler, H.G.F., 1967, Petrogenesis of metamorphic rocks: Springer Verlag, Berlin, 237 s.

  • Wippern, J., 1964, Menderes Masifinin Alpidik dağ teşekkülü içindeki durumu: M.T.A. Dergisi, 62, 71-79.

  • Petrology of The Uşak Volcanics and Their Place in The Aegean Region According to Plate Tectonics
    Tuncay Ercan Ali Dinçel Erdoğdu Günay
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    Abstract: The petrological results of the the calcalkaline volcanics which have covered large areas in Uşak areafrom the Middle Miocene to Upper Pliocene were given. These results were compared with the other volcanics of theAegean region, and the origin of the volcanics were interpreted according to plate tectonics. The first volcanic accumulationstarted in the Middle Miocene as rhyolitic and rhyodacitic tuffs and lavas. During the Upper Miocene, rhyodacitic,trachyadesitic and aiidesitic lavas, tuffs and agglomerates generated. Andesitic products developed in the Lower-Middle Pliocene, The characteristic rocks of the last volcanic period are the Upper Pliocene aged basaltic-andesites.There are some quiet epochs between these four volcanic periods. All the calcalkaline Uşak volcanics probably generated from a paleo-subduction zone which had occurred when the African plate met the Aegean plate in the "LowerEocene. Some data of the todays subduction zone of the Aegean Sea at the south of Crete Island which accordingto some authors probably had started in the Middle Miocene and it gave its first calcalkaline volcanism products 2,7million years ago and its volcanic activity continued to recent time were presented in order to define this paleo-subduction zone. Furthermore, some brief information about all the volcanics of the Western Anatolia and the AegeanSea were given to compare them to the Uşak volcanics.

    The Spurrite-Merwinite Fades at The Granite-Limestone Contack in Güneyce-İkizdere Area
    Mehmet Fevzi Taner
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    Abstract: The calcium silicates (spurrite, tilleyite), which generally develop under high temperature and low pressure conditions, are principally associated with intrusive bodies of basic composition.This study shows that the spurrite-merwinite facies (the observed mineral assemblages) in this area may occur at thetemperature and pressure conditions of the hornblende hornfels"  at the beginning of the "proxerie hornfels" facies.These calcium silicates may form at the granitic intrusion contact temperatures at about 600°-700°C.

  • The calcium silicates

  • granite

  • limestone

  • spurrite-merwinite facies

  • Agrell, S. O., 1965, Poly thermal metamorphism of limestones at Kilchoan Ardnamurchan: Min. Mag

  • Eskola, P., 1929, On mineral facies: Geol. Före.ı. StockholmFörth., 51, 157-172.

  • Harker, R.I., 1959, The synthesis and stability of Tilleyite: CasSisO; (COaH*: Amer. J. Sci., 257, 656-667.

  • Harker, R.I., ve Tuttle, O.F., 1956, Experimental data on the PCCb-T curve for the reaction: calcite -j- quartz — wollastonite -j- CO2 : Amer. J. Sci., 254, 239-256.

  • Joesten, R., 1974, Local equilibrium and metasomatic growth of zonedi calc-silicate nodules from a contact aureole, Christmas Mountains, Big Bend Region, Texas: Amer. J. Sci., 274, 876-901.

  • Joesten, R., 1976, High temperature contact metamorphism of carbonate rocks in a shallow crustal environment, Christmas Mountains, Big Bend Region, Texas: Amer. Mineral., 61, 776-781

  • Reverdatto, V.V., 1964 Paragenetic analysis of Carbonate rocks of the Spurrite-mervinite facies: Geochem. Int., 1, 1038-1053.

  • Reverdatto, V.V., 1970, Pyrometamorphism of limestones and the temperature of basaltic magma: Lithos, 3, 135-143.

  • Reverdatto, V.V., 1973, The facies of contact metamorphism: Dept. Geol. Publ., Canberra (Australian National Univ.), 2335.

  • Taner, M.F., 1976, Etude geologique et petrographique de la region de Güneyce-İkizdere, situe

  • Taner, M.F., Bertrand, J. ve Sarp, H., 1977, Sur la presence d`un carbonate particulier associe â la rustumite et k la `hillebrandite dans une zone de contact calcaire granite proche de Ikizdere (Pontides orientales, Turquie), Note preliminaire: C.R, Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat, 12, 30.37.

  • Taner, M.F., ve Zaninetti, L., 1978 Etude Paleontologique dans le Cretace volcano-södimentaire de Güneyce (Pontides orientales, Turquie): Rev. Ital. Paleont., 84, 178-198.

  • Turner, F.J., ve Verhoogen, ., 1960, Igneous and metamorphic petrology: Mc-Graw-Hili, New York, 694 s.

  • Tatie , O.F., ve Harker, R.I., 1957, Synthesis of spurrite and reaction: wollastonite -j- calcite = spuirite -j- CO^: Amer. J. Sci., 255, 226-234.

  • Winkier, H.G.F., 1965, La genese des roches metajnaorphiques: Sprlntrer-Verlag, Berlin/Heidelberg, 3130 s.

  • Wright, E., 1908, On three minerals from Velardena, Durango Mexico (Gehlenite, spurrite and hillebrandite): Amer. J. Sci., 25-26, 546-554.

  • Zharikov, V.A., ve Shmulovich, K.I., 1969, High temperature mineral equilibria in the system CaO — SiO^ — COt : Geochem. Int., 6. 853-869,

  • Mineralogical Studies and Genesis of The Witticrenite-Bearing Lead Zinc Occurrence of Keskin Karamağara
    Rüksan Teşrekli Ahmet Çağatay
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    Abstract: The lead and zinc occurrence of Karamağara kuyusu (Keskin-Ankara) is within the contact zone between the limestones and granitic rocks and also within the spilitic rocks. The mineralization is related to the hydrothermal solutions originating from a granitic magma.The ore samples have been studied under the ore microscope and the following minerals have been observed:Galena (two types), sphalerite, hematite, chalcocite, wittichenite, pyrite, chalcopyrite, bornite, and coveuite. Theinteresting textures and intergrowths observed among these minerals indicate that they are formed at high temperatures.

  • The lead and zinc occurrence

  • wittichenite

  • chalcopyrite

  • spilit

  • Çağatay, A., ve Eyyüboglu, T., 1976, Ankara . Keskin Devrek, Akdağlı işaret ile gelen mımunelerin mineralojik tetkik raporu: M.T.A. Enst. Min-Pet. arşivi, No: 76190, Ank. yayınlanmamış.

  • Çağatay, A., ve Teşrekli, E.., 1977, Ankara-Keskin mevkiine ait P. No. 131-aı işaretiyle gelen numunelerin mineralojik tetkik raporu: M.T.A. Enst. Min-pet, arşivi, No. 77/287, Ank. yayınlanmamış

  • Çağlayan, H., 1975-a, Ankara-Kırıkkale-Durdahan işaretiyle gelen numunelerin mineralojik tetkik raporu: M.T.A. Enst. Min-Pet. argivi, No: 110/8681, Ank. yayınlanmamış.

  • Çağlayan, H., 1975-b, Ankâra-Kmkkale.Dürdahan işaretiyle gelen numunelerin mineralojik tetkik raporu: M.T.A. Enst. Min-Fet. arghi, No: 151^8708, Ank. yayınlanmamış

  • Çavugoğlu, H., 1967, Keskin-Denek Pb-Zn madenleri ve civarının Jeolojik yapısı: M.T.A. Enst. Derleme Servisi, Rapor No: 3871, Ank. yayınlanmamış.

  • Çetinkaya, N., 1976, Ankara-Kırıkkale-Durdahan yöresi jeoloji raporu: M.T.A. Enst. Maden Etüd Dairesi, No: 394, yayınlanmamış.

  • Ketin, t, 1954, Yozgat bölgesinin jeolojik lövesi: M.T.A. Enst. Derleme servisi, Rapor No: 2141, Ank. yayınlanmamış

  • Kovenko, V., 1939-a, Denek madenlerinin ziyareti hakkında muhtıra: M.T.A. Enstitüsü Derleme servisi, Rapor No: 844, Ank. yayınlanmamış.

  • Kovenko, y., 1939-b, Denek kurşun madenine yapılan ziyaret hakkında muhtıra : M.T.A. Enst, Derleme Servisi, Rapor No: 967, Ank. yayınlanmamış,

  • Kovenko, V., 1940, Denek madenine yapılan ziyaret hakkında muhtıra: M.T;A. Enstitüsü Derleme Servisi, Rapor No: 1042, Ank. yayınlanmamış.

  • Kovenko, V., 1944, Denek, Akdag, Zara ve Turhal kurgun, çinko ve antimuan madenleri: M.T.A. Enst. Derleme Servisi, Rapor No: 1783, Ank. yayınlanmamış.

  • Kraeff,. A, 1966 Ankara-Keskin işaretiyle gelen numunelerin mineralojik tetkik neticesi: M.T.A. Enst. Min-Pet. arşivi, Rapor No: 317/4999, Ank. yayınlanmamış.

  • Malakhov, A.A., 1969, Bismuth and antimony in gelenas as indicators of conditions of ore formation: Geokhimiya, 11, 1283-12%.

  • Pilz, R., 1936, Denek madeni hakkında arpor: M.T.A. Enst. Derleme servisi, No: 394, Ank. yayınlanmamış.

  • Ramdohr, P., 1975, Die Erzmineralten und ihre Verwachsungen: Aka-. demie-Verlag, Berlin, 774.775.

  • Schumacher, F., 1937, Keban, Bolkardağ, Gümüşhacıköy, Denek madenlerindeki (Ag-Pb-Zn) zuhurajtlarma ait rapor: M.T.A. Enstitüsü Derleme servisi, No: 402, Ank. yayınlanmamış.

  • Uytenbogaardt, W., and Burke, E.A.I., 1971, Tables for microscopic identification of ore minerals, Elsevier, 292.

  • Seismotectonic Features of Gediz and Its Surroundings
    Melih Tokay Vedat Doyuran
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    Abstract: Gediz and its surroundings have been affected by complex block faulting. In addition to E-W trendingfaults, which characterize the general tectonic pattern of the Western Anatolia, WNW-ESE and NB-SW trendinghave also developed.A distinct earthquake belt is present within the region and WNW-ESE trending Gediz and Simav faults, as wellas E-W trending Emet fault are believed to contribute much to the seismicity of the region. 

  • Gediz and Simav faults

  • Seismotectonic

  • Western Anatolia

  • Alsan, E., Tezuçan, L., and Bath, M., 1975, An earthquake catalogue for Turkey for the interval 1913.1970: Kandilli Obs, Istanbul.

  • Arpat, E., ve Bingöl, E., 1970, Ege bölgesi graben sisteminin gelişimi üzerine düşünceler: Maden Tetkik Arama Enst. Derg. No. 73, s. 1-9.

  • Ambraseys, N.N., and Tchalenko, J.S., 1972, Seismotectonic , aspects of the Gediz, Turkey, Earthquake of March 1970; Geophys. J.R. Astr. Soc. 30, p. 239-252.

  • Gürpınar, A, ve diğerleri, 1978, Gediz kasabasının deprem riski açısından yerleşilebilirligi: O.D.T.Ü., D.M.A.E., No. 78-1, 81 s.

  • Microzone Studies in The Old Gediz Town
    Melih Tokay Vedat Doyuran
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    Abstract: The purpose of this investigation was to search the possibilities of reestablishment of the town of Gediz,which had experienced a destructive earthquake during March 28, 1970 at 23.02 hours, local time.Engineering geological map at the scale of 1:2000 was prepared to distinguish the zones showinglithological varia-tions. In addition to the geological studies, driling and geophysical investigations were alsoconducted. All together six different zones were distinguished. The areas underlain by colluvim, which isclassed as potential landslide area, should be avoided In the rest of the town, due regard must be paid to thefire danger, which may follow a future earthquake. 

  • Microzone

  • driling

  • Gediz

  • Abdüsselamoglu, Ş.M., 1970, Gediz deprem bölgesine ait sismotektonik gözlemler; Gediz Depremi Simpozyumu, İnşaat Müh. Odası, No. 21, s. 17-30.

  • Ambraseys, N.N., and Tchalenko, J.S., 1972, Seismotectonic aspects of the Gediz, Turkey, Earthquake of March 1970: Geophys. J.R. Astr. Soc. 30, p. 229-252.

  • Arpat, E., ve Özgül, N.f 1970, 28 Mart 1970 Gediz depremi (ön rapor): M.T.A. Rapor No. 4250 (yayımlanmamış).

  • Ergin, K., Uz, Z., ve Güçlü, İL, 1972, 238 Mart 1970 Gediz Depremi ard sarsıntılarının incelenmesi: İ.T.Ü. Maden Fak. Arz Fiziği Enst. Yayınları, No. 29, 50 s.

  • Erinç, S., ve diğerleri, 28 Mart 1970 Gediz Depremi, Tatbiki Jeomorfolojik Etüd: İ.Ü. Ed. Fak. Yayınları, No. 1520, 40 s

  • Gürpınar, A., ve diğerleri, 1978, Gediz kasabasının deprem riski açısından yerleşilebilirliği: O.D.T.Ü.DMAE.78-1, 81 s

  • Mitchell, A.W., and lowGatski, R.A., 1971, Some aspects of the Gediz (Turkey) Earthquake, March 28, 1970: The Journal of Geography. Vol. 70, No. 4, p. 224-229

  • Fenzien, J., and Hanson, R.D., 1970, The Gediz, Turkey, Earthquake of 1970: National Acad. Sci., Washington D.C.

  • Tabban, A. /1972, Gediz merkezinin gözlemlere dayanılarak mikrozon etüdleri: Türkiye Ulusal Geodezi ve Jeofizik Birliği, Mo. &s . 15-30

  • Taşdemiroğlu, M. 1971, The 1970 Gediz Earthquake in Western Ana-tolia, Turkey: Bull, of Seism. Soc. of America, v. 6,. No. 6, p. 1507-1527.

  • Tokay, M., ve Doyuran, V., 1978, Gediz`in jeolojik durumu m Gediz kasabasının deprem riski açısından yerlegilebilirligi: O.D.T.Ü* DMAE-78-1, s. 5-9 (yayımlanmamış).

  • Yarar, R., ve dgierleri, 1970, Gediz Depremi incelemelerine ait ön rapor: İ.T.Ü. Yayınları.

  • Yaşar, T., 1978, Gediz`in Jeofizik çalışmaları - Gediz kasabasının deprem riski açısından yerleşilebilirliği: O,D.T.Ü. DMAE-78-1, s. 24.27 (yayımlanmamış)

  • New Facts on The Genesis of The Akseki - Seydişehir Bauxite Deposits
    Necmettin Özlü
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    Abstract: The most important bauxite deposits, that have actually been exploited in Turkey, are found in Western Taurus, inthe Akseki-Seydişehir region. These bauxites fill fossilized dolines and morpho-tectonic depressions (up to 40m, deep), but mayalso be found as stratiform deposits. The prebauxite karstification is very unevenly developed and no indication of continentalalteration is noticeable outside of these deposits. The mineralogy and geochemistry of the underlying, limestones and their comparison with the bauxitic materialshow, that they are totally independent. This fact confirms that the bauxites are alloehtonous; and emphasizes the impossibilityof the autochtonous "Terrarossa" theory. The discovery of small Gastropods within the bauxite and the presence of typical superimposed sedimentary sequences indicate that the bauxite was deposited in a shallow lagoon - lacustrine environ. The bauxi ticorelies directly over the limestones and gives no indication of insitu transformations of the clays to bauxite.On the other hand, several sedimentologieal and mineralogieal observations prove that the bauxite is of detrital originand was already transported as bauxitic material on a karstified pediplain. The aluminous material appears to havebeen transported as a fine mud in several steps during which the bauxitie evolution continued..The geochemieal study of these deposits indicates that the Akseki-Seydişehir bauxites have not been derived from ultra-basic -acitic rocks.In conclusion, the geological, mineralogieal and geochemieal study of the Cenomanian bauxites and the search of compatibleparent-rocks in the Western Taurus formations involve a genetic relationship with the Cambro-Ordovician basement((Seydişehir schists`),

  • bauxite

  • Gastropod

  • schist

  • Akseki - Seydişehir

  • Atabey, E., ve Özkaya, 1, 1975, Mortaş boksit yatağının kökeninin araştırılmasında ``trend yüzeyi

  • Atabey, E., 1976, Mineralogy, chemistry and origin of the Mortaş bauxite deposit, Seydişehir, Konya, Turkey: Trav. de l`ICSOBA, 13, 77-89.

  • Baysal, O., ve Engin, N.A., 1976, Değirmenlik-Kızıltaş boksit yatağı: Yerbilimleri, 2, 140-160.

  • Blumenthal, M., ve Göksu, E., 1949, Die Bauxitvorkommen der Berge um Akseki Erörterungen über ihre geologische Position, Ausmasse und Genese: M.T.A. Enstitüsü Yay., Ser. B, no. 14, 59 s.

  • Evans, H.J., 1965, Bauxite Deposits of Weipa: Geology of Australian Ore Deposits, 8th. Comm, Min. Met. Conf., 1, 396-401.

  • Göksu, E., 1953, Akseki boksit yataklarının jeolojisi, jenez ve maden bakımından etüdü: Türkiye eJol. Kur. Bült., 4, 79-140.

  • Gordon, M., ve Murata, J., 1952, Minor elements in Arkansas bauxite: Econ. GeoL, 47, 169-179.

  • Grubb, P.Lf.C, 1971, Genesis of the Weipa bauxite deposits, NE Australia: Min. Deposita, 6, 265-272.

  • Güldalı, N., 1975, Seydişehir ve Akseki havalisindeki boksit yataklarının Torosların paleokarstlaşması ile ilişkileri: Cumh. 50. yılı, Yerbil. Kong., Ankara, 391-408.

  • Maksimovic, Z., ve Papastamatiou, J., 1973, Distribution d`oligoelements dans les gisements de bauxite de la Grece centrale: 3e Congr. intern. ICSOBA, Nice, 33-46.

  • Maric, L., 1969, Sur la morphologie des gisements et la composition minéralogique quantitative des bauxites d`Obrovag (Dalmatie septentrionale): Ann. Inst. Geol. Pub. Hung., 54, 402-409.

  • Monod, O., 1977, Recherches géologiques dans le Taurus occidental an Sud de Beyşehir (Turquie): These Doct. es Sa, Univ. Paris-Sud, 442 s, yayınlanmamış.

  • Novikoff, A., 1974, L`alteration des roches dans le massif du Chaillu (Congo), Formation et Evolution des argiles en zone ferrallitique: Th ese Doct. es Sa, Univ. Strasbourg, yayınlanmamış.

  • Nicolas, J., ve Özlü, N., 1976, Contribution a l`étude de gisement de bauxite de Kiziltaş dans les Taurides occidentals: C.R. Acad. Sa, Paris, 282, serie D, 1253-1255.

  • Özgül, N., 1972, Structural units of the Taurus orogenic belt and their continuation in the neighbouring regions: Coll. Tect. mâditerr., Athenes, yayınlanmamış.

  • Özlü, N., 1978, Etude géologique, mineralogique et géochimique des bauxites de la région d`Akseki-Seydişehir (Taurus occidentalTurquie): These Doct. es Sa, Univ. Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI), 455 s., yayınlanmamış.

  • Papastamatiou, J., ve Maksimovic, Z., 1969, Contribution to the study of genesis of Greek bauxites: chemical and mineralogical composition of Mandra II bauxite deposits: Ann. Inst., Geol. Pub. Hung., 54, 391-402

  • Weisse, G. de., 1956, Akseki boksitleri hakkında rapor: M.T.A. Enstitüsü, Derleme Rap. no. 2471, yayınlanmamış.

  • Wippern, J., 1959, Akseki boksitleri: M.T.A. Enstitüsü Derleme Rap. no. 3076, yayınlanmamış.

  • Wippern, J., 1962, Die bauxite des Taurus und ihre tektonische Stelhıng: M.T.A. Enstitüsü Der., 58, 47-70.

  • Wippern, J., 1964, Die Aluminium Rohstoffe im der Turkei: M.T.A. Enstitüsü Derg., 62, 83-90.

  • Wippern, J., Die Augangsgesteine für die Bauxitbildung M TA Enst. Der., 64, 40-40.

  • Wolfenden, E.B., 1965, Geochemical behaviour of trace elements during bauxite formation in Sarawak, Malaysia: Geoch. Cosmoch. Acta, 29, 1051-1062.

  • Sedimontology of The Karaisalı Limestone
    Naci Görür
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    Abstract: The Karaisalı limestone is a yellowish grey (10 YR 8/2), well indurated, tight and non to poorly beddedbioclastic limestone with well bedded horizons; there is frequent interfingering between the non-and poorly bedded stra-ta. Itis divided in six subfacies: 1) Coral-algal packstone and boundstone; 2) Small benthic foraminiferal-algal packs-tone; 3)Coral-algal wackestone and packstone; 3) Large benthic foraminiferal-algal packstone; 5) Globigerinid-algal packstoneand 6) Globigerinid argillaceous wackestone. All intertongue complexly with one another and are composed of variouscombinations of coralline algae, corals, foraminifera, echinoderms, moluscs, with minor amounts of Hatimeda, bryozoa,worm tubes, matrix and calcite cements. They accumulated on pre-Miocene topographical hiphs and within the adjacentareas as bank and associated deposits.

  • foraminifera

  • coral

  • coralline algae

  • molusc

  • The Karaisalı limestone

  • Adey, W.H. ve Macintyre, I.G., 1973, Crustose corraline algae: a reevaluation in the geological sciences: Geol. Soc. America Bull., 84, 833-904.

  • Da vies, G.R., 1970 Carbonate benk sedimentation eastern Shark Bay, Western Australia: Am. Assoc. Petroleum, Geologists, Mem. 13, 169-205.

  • Dunham, E.J., 1962, Classification of carbonate rocks according to depositional texture, in Ham, W.E. ed., lasCsification of carbonate rocks: Am. Assoc. Petroleum, Geologists, Mem. 1, 108- 121.

  • Ergene, T.M., 1972, Quantitative environmental analysis and related reservoir properties of Karaisalı Limestone in Bulgurdaf: 1st. Univ. Fen Fak. Mecmuası, XXXVII, sayı 3-4, 153-165.

  • Folk, R.L., 1965, Some aspects of ercoystallization in. ancient limestones. In: Pray L.C. ve Murray R.C., eds., Dolomitization and limestone diagenesis: a symposium Soc, Eco. Paleo. Min. Special Publ. 13, 14-48.

  • Forman,`Mc; J. ve Schlaftger, S.O., 1957, Tertiary reef and associated limestone facies from Louisiana and Guam: J. Geology, 65, 611-627.

  • Görür, N., 1977a, Sedimentology of the Karaisalı Limestone and associated elastics (Miocene) of the north west flank of the Adana Basin, Turkey: Thesis, University of London, England (yay ımlanmamış).

  • Görür, N., 1977b, Depositionl history of Miocene sediments of Nw Flang of the Adana Basin: Sixth colloquium on Geology of the Aegean Region - Izmir, Turkey (baskıda).

  • Henson ,F.R.S., 1905, Cretaceous and Tertiary reef formations and associated sediments in Middle East: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., 34, 215-238.

  • Milliman, J.O., 1974, Marine carbonates, Springer-Verlag, Berlin,

  • Schmidt, G.C., 1961, Stratigraphic nomenclature for the Adana Region Petroleum district VII: Petroleum Administration Publ.; 6, 47-63, Ankara

  • Teicherd, C, 1958, Cold-and deep-water coral banks: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., 42, 1064-1082

  • Ternek, Z., 1957, The Lower Miocene (Burdigalian) formations of the Adana Basin, their relations with other formations, and oil possibilities: Maden Tetkik ve Arama Enstitüsü Dergisi, sayı 49, Ankara.

  • Vaughan, T. W., 1919, Corals and the formation of coral reefs: Smithsonian Inst Ann. Rept., 1917, 189-276

  • Wells, J.W-, 1957a, Corals: Geol. Soc. America, Mem. 67, 1087-1104.

  • Wentworth, C.K., 1922, A scale of grade and class terms for clastic sediments: J. Geology, 30, 377-392.

  • Cosalite from The Scheelite Deposit of Uludağ, Turkey
    Işik Kumbasar Nursel Ateşok
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    Abstract: Cosalite crystals are found in small cavities in skarn zones at Uludağ" scheelite deposit associated with pyrite and quartzcrystals. Needle-like prismatic cosaîite crystals usually form parallel aggregates. Unitcell dimensions, space-group, x-ray powderdiffraction pattern and chemical composition have been determined. Native silver is observed under ore microscope and alsorevealed by mieroprobe analysis.

  • scheelite

  • Cosalite

  • skarn

  • Uludağ

  • Berry, L.G., 1939, Studies on mineral sulfosalt: I. cosalite from Canada and Sweden: Univ. of Toronto Studies Geol., 42, 23-30.

  • Craig, J.R., 1967, Phase relations and mineral assemblages in the Ag-Bi-Pb-S system: Mineralium Deposita, 1, 278-306.

  • Genth, F.A., 1868, Cosalite, a new mineral, 2PbS. Bi2S3: Am. Jour. Sci., 45, 319.

  • Karup_Mu11ert S.f 1973, A gustavite-cosalite-galena-bearing mineral suite from the Cryolite Deposit at Ivigtut, South Greenland: Meddr. Gr0iiland, 195, 5.

  • Klominsky, 1, Rieder, M., Kieft, C, ve Mraz, L., 1971, Heyrovskyite, 6 (Pb 0.86 BiO. 08 (Ag, Cu) 0.04) S. Bİ2S3 from Hürky, Czechoslavakia, a new mineral of genetic interest: Mineralium Deposita, 6, 133-147.

  • Nedachi, M., Takeuchi, T., Yamaoka, K., ve Taniguchi, M., 1973, BiAg-Pb-S Minerals from Agenosowa Mine, Akita Prefecture, Northeastern Japan: Science Reports Tohoku Univ., 3rd Series, 12, 1, 69-80.

  • Otto, H.H., ve Strunz, H.( 1968, Zur Kristalchemie synthetischer BleiJWismut-Spiessglanze: N. Jb. Miner. Abh., 108, 1-19.

  • Palache, C, Berman, H., ve Frondel, C, 1944, Dana`s System of Mineralogy: John Wiley and Sons, 7 th ed., Vol. I. ,445-447.

  • Salancı, B., 1965, Untersuchungen am system Bi2S3-PbS: N. Jb. Miner. Mh., 12, 384-388.

  • Salancı, B., ve Moh, G.H., 1969, Die experimentelle Untersuchung des pseudobiiîâren Schnittes PbS-Bi2S3 innerhalb des Pb-BiS-S Systems in Beziehung zu nattirlichen Blei-Wismut-Sulf osalzen: N. Jb. Miner. Abh., 112, 63-95.

  • Srikrishnan, T., ve Nowacki, W., 1974, A redetermination of the crystal structure of Cosalite, Pb2Bi2S5: Z. Krist, 140. 114-136. Tolun, R., 1955, A new mineral: Bursait (Pb5Bi4S11ii): oCiloque sur la Géologie Appliquée dans le Proche-Orient, 426, 98-102.

  • Weitz, G., ve Hellner, E., 1960, Zur Kristallstrucktur des Cosalits, Pb2B2S5: Z. Krist., 113, 385-402.

  • Wijkerslooth, P., de 1955, Morphological and optical properties of bursaite (Pb5Bi4S11): Colloque sur la G^ologie Appliquée Dans le Proche-Orient, 426, 103-105.

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