Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni
Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni

Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni

1973 ŞUBAT Cilt 16 Sayı 1
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Genesis of the Composite Intrusions in NE Ireland
Orhan Akman
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Abstract: A Tertiary composite minor intrusion, surrounding the Mourns Mountain granite, is well developed as an inclined cone-sheet The intrusion ofbasic magma has produced thin marginal dolerite, flanking on both sides of arelatively thick, central, granitic granophyre, resulting from subsequent injectionof acid material.

  • granite

  • composite intrusions

  • dolerite

  • Akıman, O-, 1971, The petrology and geochemistry of the Tertiary dyke-swarm associated with the Mourne Mountain granites, Northern Ireland: (Neşredilmemiş doktora tezi), Durham Üniversitesi, 131 s.

  • Ault, W.U., Eaton, J-P., ve Richter, D.H-. 1961, Lava temperatures in the 1959 Kilauea eruption and cooling lake: Bulk Geol. Soc- Amer., Vol- 72, 791-794.

  • Bailey, E-B-, Clough, C.T., Wright, W.B., Richey, J-E-, ve Wilson G V., 1924; Tertiary and post-Tertiary geology of Mull, Loch Aline end ObarK Mem. Geol. Surv. Scot, 445 s.

  • Bailey, E-B-, Clough, C.T., Wright, W.B., Richey, J-E-, ve Wilson G V., ve McCallien, WJ., 19*56, Composite minor intrusions, and the Slieve Gullion complex, Ireland: Liverpool and Manchester Geol. Jour.» Vol* 1, 466-601.

  • Blake, D.H., Elwell, R.W.D., Gibson, L, Skelhorn, R.R., ve Walker, G.P-L;, 1965, Some relationships resulting from the intimate association of acid and basic magmas: Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. Load., Vol. 121, 31-50,

  • Cook, A-H-, ve Murpihy, T., 1952, Measurements of gravity in Ireland; Gravity Survey of Ireland north of a line Sligo-Dundalk: Dublin Inst Adv. Studies, Geophys- Mem., Vol. 2, kısım 4,

  • Egan, F.W., 1901, Geological Survey 1 inch to 1 mile map of Ireland, Sheet 60.

  • Harker, A., 1904, The Tertiary Igneous Rocks of Skye: Mem. Geol. Surv. U.K-, 481 s.

  • Hawkes, L., 1945, The Gardiner River rhyolite-basalt complex: Geol- Mag., Vol- 82, 182-184.

  • Holmes, A., 1931, The problem of the association of acid and basic rocks in centra! complexes: Geol. Mag. Vol, 68, 241-255.

  • Jagger, T A., 1947, Origin and development of craters: Mem. Geol- Soc. Amer., Vol. 21, 502 s.

  • Kennedy, W.Q., 1901, On composite lava flows: Geol. Mag., Vol. 68, 106-181.

  • Larsen, E-S., 1929, The temperatures of magmas: Amer, Mineral-, Vol- 14, 81-94.

  • Patterson, E M., 1946, Age relationships in a Mourne granite quarry-a geological note: Jour. Irish Natural., Vol. 8, 120-124.

  • Richey, EE., 1927, The structural relations of the Mourne granites: Quart. JourGeol. Soc. Lond., Vol. 83, 653-688.

  • Richey, EE., 1909, The dykes of Scotland: Edinburgh Geol. Soc. Trans-, VoL 13, 419-432.

  • Richey, EE., ve Thomas, HEE, 1930, The geology of Ardnamurchan, North-West Mull and Coll: Mem. Geol. Surv. UJG, 393 s.

  • Tomkeieff, S.I., ve Marshall, C.E., 1935, The Mourne dyke-swarm: Quart- Jour. Geol Soc. Lond., Vol- 91, 251-292.

  • Wager, L.R., ve Bailey, EB-, 1953ı, Basic magma chilled against acid magma: Nature, Vol. 172, 68-70.

  • Wilcox, R E-,, 1944, Rhyolite-basalt complex on Gardiner River, Yellowstone Park, Wyoming: Bull. GeoL Soc. Amer-, Vol. 55, 1047-1080.

  • Vage Radiometrique Du Massif Granodioritique De Gürgenyayla
    Gürol Ataman
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    Abstract: La méthode géochronologique Rb-Sr appliquée aux cinq échantillonsde laboratoire tirés de trois échantillons de granodiorites de Gürgenyayfa a permisde calcular des isochrones donnant un âge radiometrique de 45 M.A.- Cet âgeEocène est interprêté comme le dernier rajeunissement d`un massif formé de lapalingenèse d`un matériel d`eugéosynclinal d`âge paléozoique tardif. Le rapportinitial (8 7Sr/8 6Sr)o de cette granodïorite est assez bas (0.707), ce qui permet ded`un géosynclinal d`âge paléozoique tardif; II semble qu`il en est de même poufpenser que la matière originelle du massif de Gürgenyayla provient des sédimentstous les massifs granodioritiques ayant pris place dans le géosynclinal septentrionald`Ânatolie occidentale.

  • granodioritique

  • âge radiometrique

  • géosynclinal

  • Gürgenyayla

  • Atamanı G-» 1972 a, Ankara`nın Güneydoğusunda granitik-granodiyoritik kütlelerden Cefahk dağın radyolojik yaşı hakkında ön çalışma. Hac. Fen ve Müh. Bült. (Baskıda)

  • Atamanı G 119^2 b, Orhaneli granodiyoritik kütlesinin radyometrik yaşı. Türkiye Jeoloji Kurumu Bülteni, Cilt XV-2*

  • Faure G. ve Hurley P.M., I`9ß3, Isotopic composition of strontium in oceanic and continental basalt Application to the origin of Igneous Rocks. J« Petrol., 4: 31-5

  • Hölzer H., Ii9â, Beyce 14/4 ve Simav 71/1 paftalarının jeolojik löveleri raporu* M-T.A. Rap. no. 236© (neşredilmemiş).

  • Kaaden, G. van der, I960, Anadolunun Kuzeybatısında yer alan rnetamorfik olay* larla magmatik faaliyetler arasındaki yaş münasebetleri. M.T.A. Bült,-62 : löuSH.

  • Kalafatçıoğlu A., 1964, Balıkesir-Kütahya arasındaki bölgenin jeolojisi. Türkiye Jeoloji Kurumu Bülteni, IX : 46-62.

  • Peterman, Z.E; Hedge, CE; Coleman, R.G. ve Snavely, P.D. 1©@7, 86Sr/ 8 7Sr ratios in zone eugeosynclinai sedimantary rocks and their bearing on the origin of granitic magma in orogenic belts. Earth and Plant. Sei. Lett., 2 : 433-439.

  • Weingart W., 1654, 06/2, 0&/4 (Sivrihisar) ve OT/l ve 57/3 (Ankara) paftalarının jeolojik haritası hakkında rapor MXÂ . (neşredilmemiş)

  • Kinematic Model Studies for Excavations in Jointed Rock Masses
    Kemal Erguvanli Richard E. Goodman
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    Abstract: Several model types are utilized to observe the kinematics of differentgeological and engineering problems.Kinematic models provide an interpretation of the basic geological data, thatis to establish the allowable failure modes in jointed rock masses. In this study,models were prepared from a special material. The effect of the pattern of jointsystems on the circular tunnels, with varying diameter joint distance ratioswere investigated.

  • Kinematic models

  • Finite Element Method

  • Crack Effect on Excavations

  • theories of elasticity

  • Barton, N., 1960, A Low Strength Material for Simulation of the Mechanical Properties of Intact Rock Mechanics Models: Imperial College Rock Mechs. Progress Report, no. % 38-Tl

  • Cîoos, H.,. 1680, Zur Experimentailen Tectonic: Die Naturwissenschaften^ vol. 18, 741-747.

  • Currie, J.B., 1986, Expérimentai Structural Geology: Earth Sei. Rev., Vol. X no. 1, 51-67.

  • Dahl, D. - Voight, B. y 1970, Isotropie and Anisotropie Plastic Yield Associated With Cylindrical Underground Excavations. Large Permanent Underground Openings: Symp. Proceed. 106-110

  • Daubree, A., 18719, Etude Synthétique de géologie experimentate, Dunod, Parisde Rouvray, A., Goodman, RJE., Drozd, Kv Heuze, F.E., Brekke; T-L,,, Analysis and Model Studies of Underground Opennings in Jointeci Rock: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Omaha District, Technical Report ée Sitter, L.U., lööö, Structural Geology* Chapter-», Mc-Graw-HilL, London.

  • jFumagiHb E., JôflS, Model Simulation of Rook Mechanics: Problems in Rock iMech. In Eng. Practice, Zienkiewics and Stagg, ed., J. Wiley and Sons, New York.

  • Goodman, RE., and Heuze, RE,, 1971, Thrfeè-Dimensional Stability Analysis of Rock Cuts for the Lieft Spillway of Auburn Dam, Final report to U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, 2 Vols., Denver, Colorado, Contract ,14-O6-]>6900.

  • Hall, J. 1S15, On the Vertical Position and Convolution of Certain Strata and Their Relation with Granite: Trans. Royal Society, Edinborough vol. 7, T9-1O84

  • iHbbbsi, D.W., 1966, Scale odel Studies of Strata Movements Around Mine Roadways, Apparatus, Techniques and Some Preliminary Results: Int. J. Rock. Mech. Min. Sei., Vol. 3, 101-127

  • Hubbert, M.K., 1037, Theory of Scale Models as Applied to the Study of Geologic Structures: Bull. GeoL Soc Afru Vol.

  • Krsmanovic, D. and Milic, S. 1004, Model Experiments on the Pressure Distribution in Some Cases of a Discontium: Rock. Mech. ßnd Eng. Geol. SuppL I

  • Obert, L. and Duvall, W.I. 1987, Rock Mechanics and the Design of Structures in Rock: Chapter 10, J. Wiley and Sons, New York.

  • Rengers, N. and Müller, L. 1970, Kinematische Versuche an Geomechanischen Modellen: Rock Mechanics, Supplementum I, -20-31

  • Stïmpson, B. 1970, Modelling Materials for Engineering Rock Mechanics: Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sei, Vol. 7, 77-121, London.

  • Terzaghi, K. 1946; Introduction to Tunnel Geology: Proctor and White, Roçk Tunneling with Stee! Supports, Commercial Shearing and Stamping Co., Ohio.

  • Late Cretaceous-Early Tertiary Sedimentation in Ankara Yahşihan Region
    Teoman Nuriddin Norman
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    Abstract: Upper Cretaceous-Lower Tertiary sediments (approx. 4O00 m thick)of Yahşihan area, situated between Elmadağ and Kırıkkale, contain various sedimentary structures such as flute, groove, bounce casts... etc as well as.olistostromes and submarine slumps. A basin, oriented NNE-SSW, appears tohave existed at that time. Paleocurrents, olistostromes and submarine slumpsseem to have started from the slopes of the basin; Hhose reaching the bottomturned SSW, parallel to the plunge of the long axis.

  • olistostrome

  • submarine slumps

  • paleo current

  • Yahşihan area

  • Abbate, E-, Bortolotti, V. ve Passerini, P., 1970ı, Olistostromes and olistoliths: Sedimentary Geology, 4* s. 521-558.

  • Boıırna, R.H., ve Brouwer A., U9O4,. Turbidites (264 s.): Elsevier, Amsterdam.

  • Crowed, J.C, 1965, Directional current structures from the Pre-AIpine Flyschw Switzerland: Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer., 66, s. 13B1-1984.

  • Dott, Jr., R.H., 19613, Dynamics of subaquacous gravity-depositional processes Bull. Amer. Assoc Petrol. Geol,, 47, s. 104-12

  • Dzulynski, S., ve Walton, EX, 1965, Sedimentary features of flysch and greywackes (247 s.): Developments in sedimentology, no. Y, Elsevier, Amsterdam.

  • Fiske, R.S., ve T. Matsuda, 186)4, Submarine equivalents of ash flows in Tokîwa Formation, Japan: Amer. Jour. Sei,, 262, s. 76-106.

  • Flores, G., 18S8, Evidence of slump phenomena (olistostromes) in areas of hydrocarbon exploration in Sicily^: 5th World Pet. Congr. Proc. New York Section 1, paper IS, 2Q9-275.

  • Gökçen, S.L., 1971, Keşan bölgesi türbiditlerinde siklik sedimentasyon: Hacettepe Fen ve Müh. Bil. Derg., 1, s. 26-40.

  • Jones, O.T., 1937, On the sliding or slumping of submarine sediments in Denbighshire, North Wales, during the Ludlow period: Quart, Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 85, s. 38I5-S82.

  • Jones, O.T.,1958, On submarine slumping in the Lower Ludlow rocks of Nortf* Walea: Geol. Mag., 80, s. 220-221.

  • Kuenen, PH.HM 1955, Signigicant Features of Graded Bedding: Bull. Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geol., 37, s. 1044-1066

  • Kuenen, PH.HM 1857, Longitudinal fillings of oblong sedimentary basins: Geol, Mijnbouw, ser. IS* s. 1*88-186.

  • Kuenen, PH.HM 1960, Problems concerning source and transport of flysch sediments-: Geol. Mijnbouw, ser. 2ft, s. 3QB-339.

  • Kuenen, PH-Hv 1867, Emplacement of flysch-type sand beds: Sedimentologyr O, S. 203-243.

  • Ksiazkiewicz, M.,, 1958, Submarine slumping in the Carpathian FlysGh: Ann. soc« geof. Pologne, 28, s. 123-150.

  • Middleton, G.V.V 1S1 86, Experiments on density and turbidity currents, I. Motion of the heads Canadian Jour. Earth Sei., S, s. 523-546,

  • Moore, D.G., 1061, Submarine slumps: J. Sed. Pet, 31, s. 343-S©7

  • Ä$urphy, MA-, ve Schlanger S.O«, 1©Ô2, Sedimentary structures in Ilhas and Sao iSebastiao Fonnasions (Cretaceous), Reconcavo Basin, Brazil: Bull. Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geol., 46, s. 4S7-477,.

  • Norman, T.N., 196O Azimuth of Primary Linear Structures in Folded Strata^ Geol. Mag., 87, no., 4, s. 308-343.

  • Norman, T.N.,1968, İngiltere`nin `Göller Bölgesindeki Ludlovien yaşlı Paleo-akıntslann yönleri: TJ.K. Bül., 8, no. 1-2.

  • Norman, T.N.,188®, A method so study the distribution of heavy-mineral grain abundance in a turbsdite: Sedimentology, 18, s. 263-280,

  • Norman, T.N.,1W2 a, Ankara Doğusunda Yahşıhan Bölgesinde Üst Kretase-Alt Tersiyer yaşlı arazînin jeolojisi (Tez):: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi Jeol. Müh. Böl. Ankara.

  • Norman, T.N.,1972 b, Ankara Yahşıhan Bölgesinde Üst Kretase-Alt Tersiyer istifinin stratigrafisi: Türkiye Jeol. Kur. !Bült. cilt XV-2 s.

  • Pettijohn, FJ., 1067, Sedimentary Rocks (689 s.): Harper, New York.

  • Pettijohn, FJ., ve Potter P.E., U9S4, Atlas and Glossray of Primary Sedimentary Structures. 353- s.

  • Pettijohn, FJ., Potter P.E., ve Siever R., 1072, Sand and Sandstone «00 s«, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

  • Rigo De Righi, M. ve Cortesinl A.., 1064, Gravity tectonics in foothills structure belt of SE Turkey: Bull, Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geol., 48, s. 1911-1987.

  • Sanders, J.E., 1956, Orienta! phenomena produced by sedimentation from turbidity currents and in subaqueous slope deposits?: `Jour. Sed. Pet, 26, s* 178.

  • Seilacher, A., 1962, Paleontologica! studies on turbidite sedimentation and erosion: Jour. Geol., 70, s. 227-234.

  • Walker, R.G., 1967, Turbidite sedimentary structures and their relationship to proximal and distal depositional environments^ Jour. Sed, Pet, 37# s. 25-4.8,

  • Walker, R.G.,1970, Review of the geometry and faciès organisation of turbidites and turbidite-bearing basins: Geol. Ässoc. Canada, Spec paper no. 7, S. 219.251.

  • Williams, E., 19i8O, Intra-stratal flow and convulute folding: Geological Magazine, 97, •s. 208-214.

  • Post Eocene Tectonic Development of Ankara Yahşıhan Region
    Teoman Nuriddin Norman
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    Abstract: Post Eocene (probably Oligocène) Alpine paroxysm producedasymmetric folds, generally overturned eastwards. Folding was folloved byupjthrusts, thrusts and right lateral strike-slip faults. A compression couple, initiallyoriented NW-SE, is seen to rotate in time to a N-S position. AH during this timethey appear to be accompanied by a clockwise shear couple. 

  • olistostrome

  • ophiolite melange

  • right lateral strike-slip fault

  • Yahşihan Region

  • Ketin, İ ve Canıtez, N., 1972, Yapısal Jeoloji: İ.T.Ü. Kütüphanesi; yaym no. 869, İstanbul.

  • Norman, T.N., 1972. Ankara Yahşıhan bölgesinde Üst Kretasë - Ait Tersiyer istifinin stratigrafisi: TJ.K. Bülteni; Ci it 15, sayı 2, s.

  • Norman, T.N., 1973., Ankara Yahşıhan bölgesinde Üst Kretase - Alt Tersiyer sed.îmentasyonu: TJJL Bülteni, ciît 16, sayı 1, s.

  • Cambrian - Tertiary Rocks of The Tufanbeyli Region, Eastern Taurus, Turkey
    Necdet Özgül Sait Metin Ethem Göğer İmren Bingöl Ergenekon Osman Baydar Burhan Erdoğan
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    Abstract: The area is situated around Tufanbeyli (Mağara) 140 km, north öfAdana at the eastern part of Taurus orogenic belt. In this area the rock-stratigraphyunits are named on the formation rank and they are represented from Cambrianto Tertiary. In some localities, apart from the Soğanlı dağı formation, the rock unitsare represented without interruption in their normal stratigraphie position. TheSoğanlı dağı formation is made of Jurassic limestone and other rock types beleivédto have been developed in a different environment, it overlies the Upper CretaceousYaniktepe limestone with a fault contact. In some parts of the field In betweenthe unconformities there are some missing units, this may be explained bypre-unconformity erosion. The unconformities can be classified as disconformityand low angle unconformity. Units in Cambrian-Lutetian period are monotonouslyfolded and faulted suggesting a single orogenic phase. But oscillatory movementswere effective throughout the period. It is thought that the area was subjectedto thrusts and to folding after Lutetian. The fold axes and faults are orientedto NE-SW and thrusts were operating from SE towards NW. As Oligocène andMiocene have not been recorded, the tectonic history of the area can not beestablished after Lutetian. The area is thought to have been developed undershallow» warm, littoral-sublittoral conditions where oscillatory movements wereeffective and show unstable shelf character. No magmatic activity has beenrecorded until the end of Lutetian. With all these characters the area reflects a^miogeosynclinal nature. 

  • Taurus orogenic belt

  • Cambrian - Tertiary Rocks

  • miogeosynclinal

  • littoral-sublittoral condition

  • Abdüsselamoğlu, Ş., 18S0, Yukarı Seyhan Bölgesinde Doğu Torosîariîi Jeolojik Etüdü; M.T*Â. Derleme, No. 2068.

  • Arpat, E. ve Özgül N-, 1972, Orta Toroslar`da Geyik Dağı yüresinde Kaya Euzulfariı: M.T.A. Berg., Sayı 7®. sayfa: 30-35.

  • Atan, R., 1969, Eğribucak-Karacaören (Hassa)-Ceylanlı-Dazevleri (Kırıkhan) arasındaki Amanos Dağlarının Jeolojisi: MXA. Yayını, No. 139, 85 s.

  • Bîumenthal, M., M., 1944, Kayseri-Malatya arasındaki Toros`un Permokarbonifen: MXA. Derg., No. 1/31, s. 105-133,

  • Brunn J.BU Dumont J.F., Graciansky P. eh. de, Gutnic M., Juteau Thv Marcoux J., Monod O., Poisson A., 1971, Outline of the geology of the westerrf Taurids (Geology and History of Turkey`den): Petroleum exploration societf of .Libya, pp. 325-262.

  • Dean; W., T. ve Monod, O., 19`7fOb The lower Paleozoic Stratigraphy and Faunas of the Taurus mountains near Beyşehir, Turkey, I. Stratigraphy: BuIS^ Brit. Mus. (Mat Hist), Geol., Vol. 1®, No, 8, pp. 411-420.

  • Dernirlitaşlı, E-, 1867, Pmarbaşı-Sarız-Mağara civarının jeoloji raporu: MXA -Derleme, No. 1085.

  • Ketin, î., 106% Güneydoğu Anadolu`nun Kambrien teşekkülleri ve bunların Öoğü Iran Kambrieni ile mukayesesi: JMLT.A* Derg«, Sayı €©, s. 75-87.

  • Özgül, N., 1971; Orta Toroslarm kuzey kesiminin yapısal gelişiminde blok hareket`- leriniii`önemb TJJC. Bülteni, cilt XIV, sayı 1, s. «5-10İ.

  • Özgül N., Metin S., Dean W. T., 1972J, Doğu Toroslarda Tufânbeyli ilçesi (Adana) dolayının Alt Paleozoik Stratigrafisi: MJÎA* İ)erg^ sayı 79, (Baskıda).

  • Ünsalaner, C. ; . I94ö, Alaylıdağ ve Beydağ sıradağları arasındaki bölgenin Üsi Devon faunası: M.T.A. Derg-, sayı 34, sayfa 401-406.

  • Observations Sur La Faune Du Primaire Ancien Trouvee Dans La Region Mediterraneenne De La Turquie
    İsmail Yalçinlar
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    Abstract: Les études faites par l`auteur, en 1068 et 1064, dans la régiond*Anamur-Ovacik-SiIifke des Taurus, ont révélé des terrains paléozoïquesinférieurs contenant une riche faune constituée surtout par des Brachiopodes,des Céphalopodes, des Trilobites et des Graptolites. Cette faune a permis àl`auteur pour la première foisP de fixer la présence duTrémadocien, de l`Ordoviciehet du Silurien et, en même temps, d`indiquer quelques-uns de leurs niveauxsfratsgraphîques. L`existence des conglomérats, entre les formations du Trémadocienet du Siluïren, indique une discordance. Les formations paléozoïques inférieuressbnt influencées par l`orogenèse calédonienne. Les terrains fossilifères du Dévonienet du Carbonifère marin et continental sont assez bien développés dans la région.Ces formations sont déformées pendant les mouvements orogéniques hercynienset alpins. 

  • Les formations paléozoïques

  • conglomérats

  • Taurus

  • Btomienthal«»; M-, 19S1, Recherches géologiques dans le Taurus occidental dans* I

  • ÎEgeran, E.N., et Lahn, Ev 1*9418, Türkiye jeolojisi: Ankara.

  • Erentöz, C.„ 1906, Contribution à la stratigraphie de la Turquie. BulL M.T.A. No. 66

  • Furonp R., l®53t, Introduction à la Géologie et à l`Hydrogéologie de la Turquie: Mem. Museum National d`Hist. Naturelle, Sr. C. Sciences de Ias !Terre, t III, fâsc 1, p. 1-128. Paris.

  • Tchïhatcheft» P. de, 1867, Asie Mineure: Géologie, I, Paris.

  • Yalçınlar., İ.,1865> Graptolite series belonging to Silurian found in the mediterranean1 region of Turkey: Publ. of Géogr. Inst Univ. Istanbul,-ftp. 36.

  • Yalçınlar, İ.,1064, Les douches du Paléozoïque inférieur dans la Turquie` méridionale: Publ. Inst. Géogr- Univ. İstanbul, No. `30.

  • Yalçınlar, İ.,ISS®, Recherches structurales et géomorphologsques dans certains1 rnässifjs calédoniens de la Turquie: Review öf öeogr. Inst. UriiV*- istanbül (International edition, 1985-6®) No. 11.

  • M.TÄ. ïnst, 18*1.1948, Carte géologique de Turquie au 1:800.000 ème,. Änkärai — , , 3)960^1904, Carte géologique de Turquie au 1^00.000 éme, Ankara-

  • Sur Quelques Pectinidae De Turquie
    Özcan Yazlak
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    Abstract: Description systematique de quelques espöces dü genre Pecten, Pelecypode.

  • Pectinidae

  • Turkey

  • Bauzâ. Rullân, I., 1950, Contribuciön al conocimiento paleontolögico del Neögeno balear. Bol, de la Real Soc. Espanola de Hist. Nat-, t XLVIII, No 2# Madrid.

  • Bauzâ. Rullân, I., 1951, Contribuciones a la paîeontoîogîa del Neögeno de Mallorca* Pectinidos (Segunda parte) Bol, de la Real Soc. Espanola de Hist* Nat. t. XLIX, Madrid.

  • Brocchi, G.B., 1814, Conchiologia fossile subappennina con osservazioni geologiche sugli Appennlnî et sul suolo adiacente. Milano.

  • Bucquoy, E., Dautzenberg, Ph., et Doîlfus. G., 1889, Les mollusques marins du Roussillon, t. II. P&löcypodes. Paris.

  • Cemlli-Irelll, S,, 1910, Fauna maîacologıa Mariana. Paleontographica ItalicaVol. XII, He. partie. Pisa.

  • Csepreghy-Meznerics, L, 1954, Helvetische und tortonische fauna aus dem östlichen Cserhatgebirge. Ann. Inst. g^ol. Hongrie, t. 41, fasc. 4. Budapest.

  • Csepreghy-Meznerics, L, I960, PectinidÖs dû Nöogâne de la Hongrie et leur importance stratigraphique. M^m. Soc. g6ol France. Nouv. ser. No. 92, T. XXXIX, 58 p., 35 p|. Paris,

  • Depfiret, Ch. et Roman, F„ 1912, Monographic des Pectinidos nOogönes de I’Europe et des regions voisines. Genre Pecten. M^m. soc. gOo). de France. Mem. Not 26, Paris.

  • Dollfus, G. et Dautzenberg, Ph. 1920, Conchyhologie du Miocene moyen du Bassin de la Loire. MOm. Soc, gOol. de France, t. XXII, No: 27. Paris*

  • d`Eilchwald, E., 1859, Lethaea Rossica ou PalOontologi de la Russie. Vol. Ill* Stuttgart.

  • Fontannes, F., 1878, Etudes stratigraphiques te palOontologiques pour servir a 1’histoire de la pOriode tertiaire dans le bassin de Visan (Vaucluse)* Lyon.

  • Ferreira, O. da V., 1952, Os Pectinideos de Miocenicos de Algrave. Com. Sen/, gdol. Portugal, Lisboa. L 32.

  • Friedberg, W., 1930, Mieczaki Miocenskie ziem Polskich, Vol. II. fasc. 2 (Lameli ibranchiata). Soc. Geolog. de Pologne. Cracovie.

  • Fuchs, Th. 1883, Beitrage zur Kenntnîs der Miocanfauna Aegyptens ünd detLybischen Wfiste. Paleontographica, Vol. XXX, Cassel.

  • Hörnes, M., 1870; Die fossilien Mollusken des Tertiar-Beckens von Wien. IIpartie: Bivalves. Abhandl. d.K.K. Geol. Reichsanstalt, IVe Vol., Wied

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