Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni
Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni

Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni

1958 ŞUBAT Cilt 6 Sayı 2
COVER
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COPYRIGHT PAGE
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CONTENTS
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Étude Du Gisement De Magnétite De Karahayıt (Ayazmant, Altınova)
Süleyman Türkünal
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Abstract: La crête de Bakırlık se trouve à 26.2 km à l`E d`Ayvalık, orientée environ N-S et se terminant au confluent du Kara Mahmutoğlu Deresi, coulantNW-SE, et du Bakırlık Deresi, coulant NE-SW.La zone minéralisée qui intéresse une superficie de 234 375 m², est limitée à l`extrémité de la crête comprise entre ces deux rivières et seulementà la région axiale (orientée NE-SW) de cette partie de la crête. Le sommetde cette extrémité de la crête est à 265 m d`altitude et le confluent des deuxruisseaux à 110m. pour une distance à vol d`oiseau de 500 m. il en résultedonc une pente relativement raide.

  • magnetite

  • granodiorite

  • Altınova


  • LUCIUS, M.: Le gisement de magnetite du Bakırlık dağ près d`Ayazmant-Ayvalık (Rapport inédit, M. T. A.) 1927, I.

  • LUCIUS, M.: Le gisement de magnetite du Bakırlık dağ près d`Ayazmant- Ayvalık (Rapport inédit, M. T. A.) 1937, II.

  • DE CECCATTY, R. A.: Compte rendu de visite au gisement de minerai de fer du Bakırlık dağ (Rapport inédit, M. T. A.) 1936.

  • POLDINI, E.: Rapport de visite au gisement de Bakırlık dağ, près Ayazmant (Rapport inédit, M. T. A.) 1937.

  • GENCER, R.: Altınova, Bakırlık dağ, magnetometrik etüdü hakkında rapor (Rapport inédit, M. T. A.) 1942.

  • Türkünal, S. (1958). Karahayit (Ayazmant-Altınova) Magnetit Cevherinin Etüdü . Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni , 6 (2) , 1-36 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tjb/issue/52524/690431

  • Geological Study and Oil Possibilities of The Bucu-Kilbas (Adana) Region
    Zati Ternek
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    Abstract: The surveyed area is situated about 30 km, north of Adana ,and to the east of the Seyhan River the highest elevations being 375-400 m. Thereare Tertiary ,and Quaternary formations in this area. The Tertiary has been distinguished as the Miocene ,and Pliocene deposits.The Miocene begins with marlsj grey in color, which correspond to Foley`s«Upper Shales». These grey marls are dense, locally conchoidal, sometimes foliated, sometimes with small joints, ,and sometimes with thin sandstone layers; theyare of the Upper Helvetian / Tortonian age. Their thickness is 1500 m. (togetherwith those lying outside of our area).These marls are overlain conformably by cross-bedded somewhat concretionary sandstones, bearing abundant micro-fossils, ,and partly corresponding toFoley`s «Upper Sandstone» beds. The pink and red sandstones of the upper layersof these sandstones resemble very much the transition beds in the other parts ofthe Adana region. The total thickness of the cross-bedded ,and concretionary sandstone formation is 1500-1700 m. The age of the series is Tortonian ,and even, partly,Upper Tortonian.The yellow-colored, marly sandstone ,and blue marl series overlies thisformation with a slight unconformity. The average thickness of this series is 1130m. However, thicknesses ranging between 750 m. ,and 1700 m. have been also observed. This formation abounds in micro-fossils as well as in macro-fossils, ,andaccording to these fossils its age is Sarmatian-Pontian.Over this Miocene series lie -with an angular unconformity- lacustrinelimestones / conglomerates ,and sandstones of the Pliocene age.In our area there are also Quaternary terrace deposits, caliches, old ,and newalluvium. Two minor volcanic activities took place here: one during the Tortonian ,and the second at the end of it.The Helvetian ,and Tortonian seas being in constant movement ,and were favorable for abundant organisms. The depth of these seas varied from time to time.Originally they were locally brackish, later on they turned to be fresh-water ,andcontinental.The following formations have been deposited (chronologically) in the Miocene seas: 1. grey marls, 2. cross-bedded, somewhat concretionary sandstones, 3.yellow-colored, marly sandstones ,and blue marls.From the study of the deposits in the Miocene sea, we gather that the sea wasin oscillation ,and had undercurrents. The Helvetian-Tortonian strata were folded together (Styrian phase). Thereafter the Alpine orogeny folded also the Sarmatian-Pontian strata (Rhodanianphase). The Pliocene strata were also folded (Valaque folding phase). During thisfolding period the following anticlines were formed:1. The Tülüler anticline, 2. The Evreşim Uşağı-Turunçlu anticline, 3. The Mustafalı anticline, 4. The Kızılkaş-Karga Kekeç anticline.These anticlines are 2.5x3,5 km. / 1.5x10 km. in amplitude. Their dip is 3°to 8° ,and sometimes 10°-20°, ,and their strike is NE-SW, WWN-EES / E-W. Thefolding pressure came from NNW.The anticlines appear to have formed a unilateral free virgation. There are nolarge faults in the area; only a few faults ranging from 1 to 1.5 km. at most, areencountered ,and their displacements / heaves are not important.The cross-bedded, partially concretionary strata may be oil reservoirs ,and themarly parts may be bedrocks. There are some anticlines in this formation / in theSarmatian-Pontian marls which may be cap-rocks.In conclusion it may be said that the oil seepages have been observed in theHelvetian marl intercalated sandstone formation, located at Topallı, north of thesurveyed area, ,and that there are some oil possibilities in this area.

  • oil

  • marl

  • Adana


  • BELL, Hugh Stevens: Armored mud balls. The Journal of Geology, vol. XLVIII, No. 1, pp. 1-31, 1940.

  • BLUMENTHAL, M. M.: Adana havzasının Kozan ile Seyhan nehri arasındaki şimal kısmının jeolojik bünyesi M. T. A. Rap. No. 677, 1938. (La constitution géologique de la partie septentrionole du bassin d`Adana entre Kozan et le Seyhan Nehri. M. T. A. Report No. 677, 1938).

  • COLLET, L. W,: The structure of the Alps. Edward Arnold Co., London, 1935.

  • CUNNINGHAM-CRAIG, E. H.: Türkiye petrol ihtimaller, M. T. A. Rap. No. 697, 1938. (Report on investigation of petroleum in Turkey. M. T. A. Report No. 697, 1938).

  • EGERAN, Necdet: Adana havzası jeolojik karakterleri ve petrol imkânları. M. T. A. Mecmuası, No. 39, 1949. (Geological characteristics and oil possibilities of the Adana Basin. Bull. M. T. A. No. 39, 1949).

  • FAIRBRIDGE, Rhodes, W,: Submarine slumping and location of oil bodies. Bull. A. A. P. G., vol. 30, No. 1 (Jan. 1946), pp. 84-92.

  • FOLEY, Ea J.: Seyhan havalisinin stratigrafisi hakkında rapor. M.T.A. Rap. No. 248, 1937. (Stratigraphy of the Seyhan region. M. T. A. Report. No. 248, 1937).

  • GREGORY, J. W.: The structure of Asia. Methnen Co. Ltd., London, 1929.

  • ILLING, V. C.: The science of petroleum. Vol. VI, part I, THE WORLD`S OILFIELDS. The Eastern Hemisphere. Oxford University Press, London-New York-Toronto, 1953.

  • KIRK, H, M.: Seyhan mıntakası hakkında jeolojik istikşaf raporu. M. T. A. Rap. No. 219, 1935. (Geological reconnaissance report on the Seyhan region, M. T. A. Report No. 219, 1935).

  • KRUMBEIN, W, C. andSLOSS5L. L.: Stratigraphy and sedimentation. W. H. Freeman & Co., San Francisco, Calif., 1951.

  • KUENEN, Ph. H. and CAROZZI, A.: Turbidity currents and sliding in geosynclinal basin of the Alps. Journal of Geology, vol. 61, July, 53, No. 4, pp. 367-373.

  • LE ROY3 L9 W.: Subsurface geologic methodes, Colorado School of mines, Dept. of Publ. Golden, Colo., 1950.

  • LEVERSON, A. I.: Geology of petroleum. W. H. Freeman & Co., San Francisco, 1954.

  • LOCZY, L. de: Adana havzası batı bölgesinde jeolojik müşahedeler ve bu bölgenin arzettiği petrol ihtimallerinin incelenmesi, M. T. A. Rap. No. 1835, 1949. (Contribution à la géologie et examen des possibilités pétrolifères de la partie occidentale du Bassin d`Adana. M. T. A. Report No. 1835, 1949).

  • MAXSON, J, H.: Adana civarındaki petrol ihtiva etmesi muhtemel strüktürlerin tetkiki hakkında kısa rapor. M. T. A. Rap. No. 231, 1936. (Report on brief inspection of possible oil-bearing structures near Adana. M. T. A. Report No. 231, 1936).

  • MAXSON, J. H.: Adana havalisi hakkında ikinci rapor. M. T. A. Rap. No. 257, 1936. (Second report on the Adana District. M. T. A. Report No. 257, 1936).

  • McCAMMON, J.: Adana havzasının istikşafı (Topallı-Hocalı). M. T. A. Rap. No. 1527, 1938. (Reconnaissance trip to the Adana Area (Topallı - Hocalı). M. T. A. Report No. 1527, 1938).

  • PAREJAS, Ed,: Türkiye`nin arzani tektoniği. İst. Üniv. Fen. Fak. Monogr. (Tabiî ilimler kısmı), sayı I, 1941. (La tectonique transversale de la Turquie. Rev. Fac. Sc. Univ. Istanbul, Monogr. (Sc. Nat.), No. 1, 1941.)

  • PAREJAS, Ed,: Türkiye`nin jeolojik tarihçesi. İst. Üniv. Konfer., 1941-42. (Histoire géologique de la Turquie, Univ. Istanbul, Conf. No. 1, 1941-42.)

  • ROOTHAN, J. P.: Garbî Çukurova hakkında rapor. M. T. A. Rap. No. 1169, 1939. (Note on the Western Çukurova. M. T. A. Report No. 1169, 2939.)

  • SCHMIDT, Kurt: Seyhan mıntakası hakkında jeolojik rapor. M. T. A. Rap. No. 220, 1935. (Report on geological work in the Seyhan Region. M. T. A. Report No. 220, 1935.)

  • SHEPARD, F. P. and COHEE, G. V.: Continental shelf sediments off the Mid-Atlantic States. Bull. Geol Soc. Amer., Vol. 47, pp. 441-458, 1936.

  • TERNEK, Zati: Mersin-Tarsus kuzey bölgesinin jeolojisi. M. T. A. No. 44/45, 1953. (Regional geology north of Mersin-Tarsus. Bull. M. T. A. No. 44/45,1953.)

  • Ternek, Z. (1958). Bucu -Kılbaş (Adana) Bölgesinin Jeolojisi ve Petrol İmkânları . Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni , 6 (2) , 37-66 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tjb/issue/52524/690433

  • Süsswasser Gastropoden aus Anatolien
    Adolf Papp
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    Abstract: Aus dem Vorland des Taurus (Anatolien Südlich des Tuz-Gölü) wurdeeine kleine Faunula zur Bestimmung übergeben. Es handelt sich um Süsswassergastropoden, die in einem hellen, porösen, kalkreichen Sedimenteingebettet waren. Die Schalen sind vorzüglich erhalten und nur zum geringen Teil von Sediment erfüllt. Folgende Arten konnten bestimmt werden:Planorbis planorbis (LINNE)ein nahezu vollständig erhaltenes Gehäuse.Planorbarius cornu (BRONG.)Zentraler Teil eines beschädigten Gehäuses.Hydrobia sp

  • Gastropoden

  • Anatolien


  • Papp, A. (1958). (German) Süsswasser Gastropoden aus Anatolien . Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni , 6 (2) , 67-68 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tjb/issue/52524/690440

  • Kurt Turnovsky
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  • ABEL, O.: Lebensbilder aus der Tierwelt der Vorzeit, Jena 1927.

  • BOLLI, H.: Zur Stratigraphie der oberen Kreide in den höheren helvetischen Decken. Eclog. Geol. Helv. Bd. 37, 1944.

  • BOLLI, H.: The Genus Globotruncana in Trinidad. Journ. of Palaeont. Vol. 25, 1951.

  • BUBNOFF, S. V.: Grosszyklen und Evolution. Geol. Rundschau 45/1 Stuttgart 1956.

  • GROSS, W,: Ueber die «Watsonsche Regel». Palaeont. Ztschr. Bd. 30, No.1/2 Stuttgart 1956.

  • HAMILTON, E. L,: Upper Cret. Tert. and Recent planctonic Foraminifera from Mid-Pacific flat-topped Seamounts. Journ. of Palaeont. Vol. 27, 1953.

  • LAUBENFELS, De M. W,: Dinosaur Extinction: One more hypothesis. Journ. of Palaeont. Vol. 30, No. 1. Jan. 1956.

  • MOORE, R. C. - LALICKER, C. G. - FISCHER, A. G.: Invertebrate Fossils. McGraw Hill Book Co. New York, 1952.

  • OBERHAUSER, R.: Micropalaeontologische Sofortbestimmungen in der alpinen Oberkreide durch Lupenarbeit im Gelände. Mikrofaunen aus dem alpinen Raum -70. Hannover, Juni 1953.

  • REISS, Z.: Micropalaeontology and the Cret.-Tert. Boundary in Israel, Bull, of the Res. Council of Israel, Sect. B, Vol. 5b, 1 Sept. 1955.

  • ROMER, A. S.: Vertebrate Palaeontogy, 6th Impr. University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1955.

  • SCHINDEWOLF, H.: Ueber die Faunenwende vom Palaeozoikum z, Mesozoikum. Ztschr. dtsch. geol Ges. 105, Hannover, 1954.

  • SCHINDEWOLF, H,: Tektonische Triebkräfte der Lebensentwicklung, Geolog, Rundschau, Bd. 45, Heft 1, Stuttgart, 1956.

  • WEISS, L.: Planctonic index Foraminifera of NW Peru, Micropalaeontology, Vol. 1, 4 Oct. 1955.

  • Turnovsky, K. (1958). (German) KANN DER FAUNENWANDEL VOM MESOZOIKUM ZUM KÄNOZOIKUM DURCH EINE KATASTROPHE ERKLÄRT WERDEN? . Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni , 6 (2) , 69-77 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tjb/issue/52524/690444

  • Kurt Turnovsky
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    Kurt Turnovsky
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    Nuriye Pinar
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    Kemal Lokman
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    Enver Altinli
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    Kemal Erguvanli
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    Kemal Erguvanli
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    İhsan Ketin
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